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Descendants of James Cross



Generation No. 1




Notes for JAMES CROSS:

I do not know for certain yet if this is John's father and mother-but after searching this is the best poss family. I will continue to look until I have proof either way.



2.                i.       JOHN2 CROSS, b. August 06, 1786, Scotland; d. September 01, 1878, Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota.

3.               ii.       GEORGE CROSS, b. July 26, 1795, Rutherglen, Lanark, Scotland.



Generation No. 2


2.  JOHN2 CROSS (JAMES1) (Source: LDS microfiche.) was born August 06, 1786 in Scotland (Source: Death rec.), and died September 01, 1878 in Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota (Source: Death cert.).  He married ANN FRANCIS (MCFARLANE) MCFARLAND (Source: LDS microfiche.).  She was born 1793 in Scotland (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.), and died January 16, 1856 in York, Dane County, Wisconsin (Source: Headstone in oak Lawn Cem, York, Dane County, Wisconsin.).


Notes for JOHN CROSS:

they were from St. Lawrence, Hammond, New York as George says he was born in Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence County, New York-In 1840 John Cross is living in Hammond, St. Lawrence County, New York

Males 5-10=1; 10-15=3; 20-30=1; 40-50=1  Females 5-10=1; 20-30=1; 40-50=1

This does not match exactly what we have for children, but it is very close.


George Cross states in the Great Register of Santa Clara County on March 16, 1867 that his father was naturalized in 1833 or 1834 in Ostego County, NY

John Cross in the same book on March 29, 1867 says that his father naturalized in 1835 or 1836 in Oswego County, NY


Land Records for Wisconsin

Last Name           First Name  Init Date County                         Acres

CROSS               ALBERT         N 1883 Marathon                     40.0000

CROSS               BENJAMIN       S 1846 Green                        80.0000

CROSS               DANIEL         M 1848 Walworth                     40.0000

CROSS               DANIEL         P 1857 Adams or Juneau             108.0000

CROSS               DANIEL         S 1848 Dane                         80.0000

CROSS               EDWARD         E 1891 Bayfield                      0.0000 

CROSS               EDWARD         E 1891 Bayfield                     80.0000 

CROSS               EDWARD         E 1905 Oconto                       40.0000

CROSS               ELIAB            1858 Monroe                       80.0000

CROSS               ELIJAH         H 1848 Dodge                        40.0000

CROSS               ELIJAH         H 1848 Dodge                        80.0000

CROSS               ELIZABETH      A 1858 Waushara                     40.0000

CROSS               GEORGE           1849 Winnebago                    80.0000

CROSS               GEORGE         L 1858 Waushara                     40.0000

CROSS               HANNAH           1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               HANNAH           1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               HANNAH           1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               HANNAH           1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               HANNAH           1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               HENRY            1854 Winnebago                    80.0000

CROSS               HENRY            1857 Crawford or Vernon           40.0000

CROSS               HENRY            1857 Crawford or Vernon           40.0000

CROSS               HENRY            1896 Lincoln                       0.0000

CROSS               HENRY            1896 Lincoln                       0.0000

CROSS               HENRY            1896 Lincoln                     154.8000

CROSS               IRA              1850 Waukesha                    160.0000

CROSS               ISAAC            1844 Walworth                     80.0000

CROSS               JESSEE           1846 Rock                         48.2500

CROSS               JESSEE           1846 Rock                         97.0800

CROSS               JOHN             1849 Winnebago                    40.0000

CROSS               JOHN             1905 Vilas                         0.0000

CROSS               JOHN             1905 Vilas                        80.0000

CROSS               JOSEPH           1848 Dane                         40.0000

CROSS               LAURA            1905 Vilas                         0.0000

CROSS               LAURA            1905 Vilas                        77.4600

CROSS               LEMUEL           1874 Barron                        0.0000

CROSS               LEMUEL           1874 Barron                        0.0000

CROSS               LEMUEL           1874 Barron                      168.7900

CROSS               LEMUEL           1874 Pepin                         0.0000

CROSS               LEWIS            1852 Green                        28.5000

CROSS               LUKE           W 1850 Waukesha                      0.0000

CROSS               LUKE           W 1850 Waukesha                     72.7500

CROSS               NORMAN         N 1857 Juneau                       40.0000

CROSS               OLIVER         M 1848 Dane                         50.7200

CROSS               OLIVER         M 1849 Dane                         80.0000

CROSS               OLIVER         M 1850 Dane                         40.0000

CROSS               PAULINE          1905 Vilas                        40.0000

CROSS               PHILETUS       S 1844 Waukesha                     80.0000

CROSS               ROBERT           1858 Columbia                     80.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                          0.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                          0.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                          0.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                          6.9500

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                         73.9800

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                         74.3100

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                        115.1000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1837 Rock                        160.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               ROBERT         J 1840 Rock                         80.0000

CROSS               THOMAS           1846 Dodge                        80.0000

CROSS               THOMAS           1905 Vilas                         0.0000

CROSS               THOMAS           1905 Vilas                        80.0000

CROSS               THOMAS         H 1854 Columbia                     40.0000

CROSS               WAIT             1858 Dodge                        40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1843 Waukesha                     40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1843 Waukesha                    160.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1849 Winnebago                    76.4500

CROSS               WILLIAM          1850 Winnebago                    40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1854 Monroe                        0.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1854 Monroe                       80.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1854 Monroe                       80.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1854 Monroe                      160.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1857 Lafayette                    83.9000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1857 Monroe                       40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1857 Monroe                       40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1858 Monroe                       40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM          1858 Monroe                       40.0000

CROSS               WILLIAM        D 1903 Ashland                     160.0000 

CROSS               WILLIAM        W 1845 Green                        40.0000

CROSS               WILSON         B 1843 Kenosha                     Entries matching


After lookin in NY census records I believe these Cross's are related. Did John travel to NY with a brother named george?

Found this in the 1870 Federal Census Saint Lawrence County, New York (Town of Louisville) REEL NO:  M593-1098  SHEET NO:  467A  Recorded by George A. Mowitt on 14th day of July, 1870

36  292  284 Cross          James          43   M    W    Farmer         4,350     660       Scotland           X      X

37  292  284 Cross          Jessie         40   F    W    Keeping House                      Scotland           X      X

38  292  284 Cross          Christiana     15   F    W                                       New York         X      X

39  292  284 Cross          Alexander      12   M    W                                       New York        X      X

40  292  284 Cross          Elizabeth      9    F    W                                       New York           X      X

1   292  284 Cross          Thomas         7    M    W                                       New York

2   292  284 Cross          Allen          5    M    W                                       New York

 3   292  284 Cross          Jessie         1    F    W                                       New York

4   292  284 Aster          Paul           20   M    W    Farm Laborer                       Canada

5   293  285 Cross          George         75   M    W    Farmer                             Scotland           X      X

6   293  285 Cross          George         33   M    W    Farmer         4,000     930       Scotland           X      X

7   293  285 Cross          Isabella       21   F    W    Keeping House                      New York           X      X

8   293  285 Cross          George         4    M    W                                       New York           X      X

9   293  285 Cross          Ellen          2    F    W                                       New York           X      X

10  293  285 Cross          James          1/12 M    W                                       New York           X  born April

11  293  285 Wade           John           15   M    W    Farm Laborer                       Canada             X      X

12  293  285 Brown          Anna           17   F    W                                       New York           X      X

 13  294  286 Cross          William        40   M    W    Farmer         4,600     1,070     Scotland           X      X

14  294  286 Cross          Flora          39   F    W                                       Scotland           X      X

 15  294  286 Cross          George         14   M    W                                       New York           X      X

16  294  286 Cross          Flora          10   F    W                                       New York           X      X

17  294  286 Cross          Elizabeth      8    F    W                                       New York           X      X

18  294  286 Cross          Sarah          1    F    W                                       New York           X      X



An interesting note about the Cross's move to York....


Some corrections and a little more info. York is the township in the far

northeastern corner of Dane County. The township immediately below it is

Medina. Medina split off from York in 1848.  The only "town" in either

township is present day Marshall (Medina) which at the time your ancestors

lived there was known as either Bird's Ruins or Hanchettville. I have a

local history of Marshall written in 1976 written by a Stan Trachte and Don

Woerpel. In their booklet they state that the first permanent settlers

arrived in the area in June of 1839 (Moore and Clark families). In 1842-3

seven more families arrived including Daniel S. Cross and Asa Cross.  I

know these aren't who you are looking for, but figure there is a connection

somewhere. Daniel Cross was the first justice of the peace for Medina

township when it was formed. On the 1861 plat maps of  York and Medina I

can only fine Asa Cross in Medina township. The names are handwritten and

faded so it is  possible I missed someone.  Medina was named because many

of the early settlers had come from Median, Ohio.

Hope this helps,

Sandy Kintner


death cert says he died of old age, was a widower, occ was a parents names given


There is a John Buchanon married Ann McFarlane


  Male   Family









  Spouse:  ANNE MCFARLANE  Family

  Marriage:  31 AUG 1817   Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland


Hi Robbi,


Well, I think I've checked everywhere I can and haven't come up with anything.


You are so fortunate to have all those letters and to be able to say for certain where Ann Cross is buried.


I checked Dane County Register of Deeds for a death certificate and found none.


I looked in the Madison newspapers for that period and found no obituary.  I also looked in two towns closer to York than

Madison  - Sun Prairie and Marshall - neither one had a newspaper of it's own that far back.


There are books on the shelves at the Historical Library detailing the history of Dane County - I looked in them, but there was no mention of the Cross family in York.  There is a history of York township - no mention of the Cross family there either.


I'm afraid I've run out of ideas.  The only possibility I can come up with is church records.  Have you looked into that possibility at all in York??


If you can think of anything else I might do for you, let me know.












More About JOHN CROSS:

Census: 1850, Dane County, York, Wisconsin (Source: 1850 Wisconsin Census, John Cross-age 52-M-farmer-1000-ScotlandAnn F. Cross-age 52-F-ScotlandJames Cross-age 35-M-farmer-ScotlandJemimmah Cross-age 32-F-ScotlandJohn Cross-age 32-M-Farmer-ScotlandEliza Cross-age 29-F-ScotlandGeorge Cross-age 24-M-farmer-ScotlandEdmund Cross-age 21-M-ScotlandWilliam Cross-age 19-M-farmer-Scotland.)



From a wonderful man named James Wallace in Columbia Wisconsin...

Dear Robbi,

I couldn't get back to you with better news!  First off the pictures are being developed, and should be ready in a few days.  On my way home taking the back roads to go to North York cemetery.  I came to the end of Yahnke Road and ran into Muller Road, I was going to take a right as the map had shown to go to Deansville Road, and I saw a small country cemetery on the NorthWest corner of Muller and Deansville Road.  I looked at the map and this cemetery was at the very SouthEast corner of Section 8.  I thought, "this has to be a better chance than North York Cemetery!".  The name on the newer looking sign was Oak Lawn Cemetery.  I got out and started scouting the cemetery.  The first stone I saw was laying flat on the ground and all I could see was "Cross".  I made a note of it and looked around the rest of the gravestones and found nothing.  So I went back to the first and cleaned the grass clippings off of that stone and the one next to it and I had found Anna F., wife of John Cross, and her son Edmund I. Cross!  both stones were badly grown over with grass, and covered with clippings.  I went back to my truck and grabbed my bucket, trowel to cut the grass back, and brush to clean off the stones.  I have attached a drawing to show you what I found until I can send you the photos.  About the stones, they are both White Marble, both about 1 1/2' wide x 3' Tall (long), and probably no more than 2' thick.  I say probably because they were both lying flat on the ground, and set in a concrete "frame", to help perserve the stones.  Annas stone is in excellent shape, in one piece.  Edmunds however did not fair as well.  As you can see in the drawing it is in 3 pieces(set in a concrete frame).  The J for John and A. for Anna are hard to distinguish but can be made out.  The lower crack, the AE. for age, and 6 mo for 6 months are also very hard to distinguish, but can also be made out.  The cracks as set in concrete are about 1/4"-3/4" thick.  Annas stone is a beauty, my "art work" does it no Justice.  At the top of the stone are what looks like 2 monuments on either site of a really pretty carving of a tree between them.  Edmunds stone is plain, both have that beautiful old style of varying lettering and font.  An older farmer passed by twice, and stopped by the second time to see what I was up to.  He said that the Township in the recent past had given the name "Oak Lawn Cemetery" to the old plot of land, and had said that its original name was York-Union Cemetery.  He thought that it was interesting that I was checking out these stones because he was related to everyone in the cemetery except your ancestors, and he had wondered about who they were.  I really enjoyed working on this,  I have no problem looking for Scots!  Your pictures should be in the mail by monday,  if you send your address soon.  I really hope that you will enjoy them!


God Bless,


James Wallace

Columbus, Wisconsin


Headstone reads "Our Mothers grave" Anna F. wife of John Cross Died Jan. 16, 1856 AE63 years


Marriage Notes for JOHN CROSS and ANN MCFARLAND:

No marriage record for these two in Scotland records for 1810 to 1825

There IS a John Buchanon who married an Ann McFarlane in Glasgow in August 31, 1817...this I find interesting as the Cross family (William Cross so far unrelated) moved to Old Kilpatrick and married into a wealthy Buchanon family and changed his name to Buchanon and became heir to that family fortune...I have always wondered how this line was related as the children from that family were named exactly as ours!!

31 AUG 1817   Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland


In a complate search for ann's marriage this is the only poss one on record...there is not a John Cross and Ann Mcfarlane with all spelling ever found


If this is our John, that means his oldest children were of a differnt marriage. It is also very interesting to note that the children of this our John and ann only show up being born after the marriage date listed for John Bucanon and Ann. The children born before this date can not be found with a monther named Ann. John must have been married before. I need James's marriage record. Will order it.


Children of JOHN CROSS and ANN MCFARLAND are:

4.                i.       WILLIAM3 CROSS, b. October 16, 1831, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland; d. April 22, 1922, Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota.

5.               ii.       JAMES CROSS, b. May 16, 1814, Lanashire, Scotland; d. January 08, 1884, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York.

6.              iii.       JEMIMA CROSS, b. January 26, 1816, Scotland.

                 iv.       JOHN CROSS (Source: LDS microfiche.), b. December 26, 1818, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland; d. October 07, 1912, Tuolumne County, California (Source: California Vital searcg, may be Oct 7, 1917 or 1913 very hard to read says he was 93 years old.); m. NEVER MARRIED.


Notes for JOHN CROSS:

He went to California with his brother George. Last mentioned in George's letter in which he states that John may have gone off to Arizona but was not sure because John drank alot and never wrote.


Could this be his land record in Sacramento Co., CA ?


MD                  0100N      0060E        034       135        1870/02/15   CROSS JOHN FRANCIS

(Mount Diablo)


Not found in 1880 census


There is no John Cross or soundex born in Scotland between 1814 and 1820 to these parents


Only Poss

as buchanan

30 JUL 1816   Barony, Lanark, Scotland

Father John Mother Janet Rankin


Census Microfilm Records: California, 1910

County:  TUOLUMNE    

Locale:  4-TWP    

Series:  T624    

Roll:  111    

Part:  2    

Page:  62B    

John Cross...Lodger...M...W...age 91...Single...Born Scotland...FB Scotland...MB Scotland...year of immigration 1832...naturalized...Speaks English...No Trade or prof...reads and writes

he is living with Joseph Lucas and his children who is a farmer!!


Per C. H. Burden Undertaking Company Burial Records 1890-1953, record 1237,

Page 33, Last name Cross, First John, Age 93, Death Oct. 7, 1912, Burial

Oct. 8, and Cemetery Poverty Hill.


The Banner (newspaper) obituary

Oct 11, 1912 page 1 Col. 1 (Friday)

John Cross, a pioneer of 1846, veteran of the Mexican War, died at the home of Frank J. Young in Stent last Monday.





More About JOHN CROSS:

Burial: October 08, 1912, Poverty Hill Cemetery, Stent, Tuolumne County, California (Source: C. H. Burden Undertaking Company Burial Records 1890-1953.)


7.              v.       ELIZA CROSS, b. October 09, 1820, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland; d. 1901.

                 vi.       MARGARET CROSS (Source: LDS microfiche.), b. May 26, 1822, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (Source: Scotland's birth index, 26 May 1822 CROSS MARGARET JOHN CROSS/ANN MC FARLANE F OLD OR WEST KILPATRICK 501/00 0004 No Image.).





                vii.       MARY ANN CROSS (Source: LDS microfiche.), b. May 02, 1824, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (Source: Scotland's birth index, 2 May 1824 CROSS MARY ANN JOHN CROSS/ANN FRANCIS MC FARLANE F OLD OR WEST KILPATRICK 501/00 0004.).





In Williams diaries in 1886 he mentions "Aunt Mary coming to visit twice. Is this his sister Mary or his real aunt.

is this possibly his sister




 Name  Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace

 Daniel KERR   Self   M   Male   W   59   SCOTLAND   Farmer   SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

 Mary KERR   Wife   M   Female   W   56   SCOTLAND   Keeps House   SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

 Maggie KERR   Dau   S   Female   W   21   MN   School Teacher   SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

 Belle KERR   Dau   S   Female   W   15   MN      SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

 Daniel KERR   Son   S   Male   W   11   MN      SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

 Dorah STEVENS   Other   S   Female   W   21   SCOTLAND      SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

 Elies M. STEVENS   Other   S   Male   W   3   IA      SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 

  STEVENS   Other   S   Male   W   1M   MN      SCOTLAND   SCOTLAND 




Source Information:

  1880 Census Place Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota

  Family History Library Film   1254623

  NA Film Number   T9-0623

  Page Number   361D



8.           viii.       GEORGE CROSS, b. September 20, 1826, New or East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland; d. March 21, 1910, California.

                 ix.       EDMOND I. CROSS (Source: LDS microfiche.), b. July 05, 1829, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (Source: Scotland's birth index, 5 Jul 1829 CROSS EDMOND JOHN CROSS/ANN MC FARLANE M OLD OR WEST KILPATRICK 501/00 0004.); d. December 15, 1852, York, Dane County, Wisconsin (Source: Headstone in oak Lawn Cem, York, Dane County, Wisconsin.).


Notes for EDMOND I. CROSS:

Buried next to his mother at oak lawn cemetery

headstone reads Edmund I. son of J & A.F. Cross Died Dec. 15, 1852  AE 23 years 6 months 9 days



Burial: Oak Lawn Cemetery (


                  x.       BETHIA CROSS, b. November 28, 1819, Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (Source: Scottish birth records, 28 Nov 1819 CROSS BETHIA JOHN CROSS/ANN MCFARLANE F OLD OR WEST KILPATRICK 501/00 0003.).



 3.  GEORGE2 CROSS (JAMES1) was born July 26, 1795 in Rutherglen, Lanark, Scotland.  He married ELIZABETH BURNS May 22, 1825 in Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland. 



Not sure if this is John's brother...but added it just to keep track of the information I gather


1860 U.S. Census • New York • St. Lawrence • Louisville

George Cross-64-m-farmer-born scotland

Elizabeth Cross-60-female-Scotland

George Cross-22-male-farmer-Scotland

Caroline Cross-20-F-New York

Ellen Cross-16-F-New York

Ann Ne??? 71-female-Scotland

Living next door is son William




Marriage: May 22, 1825, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland



9.                i.       JAMES3 CROSS, b. January 20, 1826, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.

                  ii.       ELIZABETH CROSS, b. February 13, 1828, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.

10.            iii.       WILLIAM CRYLE CROSS, b. February 27, 1830, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.

                 iv.       AGNES CROSS, b. May 01, 1832, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.

                  v.       THOMAS CROSS, b. November 22, 1834, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.

11.           vi.       GEORGE CROSS, b. May 27, 1837, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.

                vii.       CAROLINE CROSS, b. Abt. 1840, New York (Source: 1860 census.).

               viii.       ELLEN CROSS, b. Abt. 1844, New York (Source: 1860 census.).



Generation No. 3


4.  WILLIAM3 CROSS (JOHN2, JAMES1) (Source: William's diaries.) was born October 16, 1831 in Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (Source: Scotland's birth index, 16 Oct 1831 CROSS WILLIAM JOHN CROSS/ANN MC FARLANE M OLD OR WEST KILPATRICK 501/00 0004.), and died April 22, 1922 in Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota (Source: (1) Death cert, Death CertID# 1922-MN-007417., (2) Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.).  He married LOUISA REBECCA BANKSON 1857 in Wisconsin, daughter of A. BANKSON and SARAH BURNHAM.  She was born December 16, 1839 in Canada? (Source: History of Martin County, says that she was raised in the Wisconsin Woods.), and died June 27, 1928 in Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota (Source: Death cert, CertID# 1928-MN-008125.).



From the Fairmont Sentinal paper


Rose Lake Patriarch Was Resident of Martin County for Fifty-Five Years

  William Cross, pioneer settler, faithful husband and father, model citizen and honest man, has gone to the reward reserved for those who have earned the best the Lord has to give.

  Mr. Cross would have been 90 in October. he was born in Glasgow, Scotland; came to this country when four years old; and settled in Martin county 55 years ago.

  And here's a remarkable thing. This has been the good man's home every day of that time-five years more than half a century. It is a beautiful farm on Rose Lake, sheltered by natural timber and on one of the country's principal highways.

  Surviving the patriarch is his faithful wife, nearly his age, and the following children: Ralph, George, Ada, and Mrs. William Hay of Fairmont. Thus does Martin county lose another of the best and sturdiest of its grand old pioneers. Funeral arrangements will be announced later.


Uncle Bud says that the Cross farm in Fairmont, Minnesota was on Rose Lake. He said you just walked several feet in the back yard and there it was. He also said the house was located on highway 9. Remebers not leaving the farm much except to go to town to get groceries


Letter from William Cross to brother George:

To:       George Cross

      Pueblo de San Jose




                                                                  York, Oct 2nd 1855


Dear Brother and Sister,



After so long a time, I’m going to write a few lines to you in hopes it will wake you up, it has been a long while since I have heard from any of you and I rather think about as long since you have heard from me so I won’t find fault this time, we are all well as usual and hope this may find you all the same. There is nothing new happens here that you would care about hearing rather a dull place. I am heartily tired of it and wish I was somewhere else but I must stick to it yet.  Mother and Father are both failing fast althro their health is as good as usual.  We have a girl here, that has been with us 2 years and is to stay this winter out - John & Tina moves next week onto their new place.  Sam  & C. are living on their farm.   Sam’s been sick first of the summer but is better now.

Times are very good, crops yield well, and bring fair prices, Wheat $1.50 for bushel, Barely $1.12, Oats 25, Corn 40 and soon I’m thrashing again this fall and done well till two week back, it has rained all the time.

I have heard nothing from James in most 2 years I don’t know what I got into the folks   I am afraid you will lose that horse in spite of all you do or say.  You gave me there a good lecture in your last, I admit deserved it, but what pleased me was to think your wife was too bashful to introduce self to the family fray.  Than George is it not our place to do that I suppose if I was to come to see you.  She would be obligated to introduce herself and you stand by me look now don’t get mad and draw down your brows at my nonsense because I intend be the best of friends with both of you that when I come to see you. You will speak a good word for me to some nice little girl.

You said something about a dispute between you and John about ages. I rather think your wrong I will send a list of them to convince you like as not you will find yourself 3 or 4 years older than you thought  Sor written long and don’t fail .  I will do better next time.  Tell John not to get into his old habit and forget how to write.  I will write soon. So no more at the present,      But Remains

                                                      Yours Truly,


                                          William Cross

To:   George Cross



James Cross      born                        May 16th 1814

Jemima Cross             born                       Jan 26th 1816

John Cross              born                        Dec 26th 1818

Eliza Cross                 born                        Oct 9th 1820

Margaret Cross      born                        May16th 1822

Mary Anne Cross    born                  April 14th 1824

George Cross      born                        July 29th 1826

Edmund Cross      born                        June 6th 1829

William Cross         born                        Oct 6th 1831


                                          Family Record


William Cross' diaries for the years 1881-1915 (31 volumes), can be found at the Minnesota Historical Society.

The 1897 diary has "Vincent to his grandpapa-Christmas" written on the front cover

His daughter, Ada, wrote on Saturday the 22nd of April 1922-"Father passed tonight at 7:00"

There is also a cure for Cholera-this is what is written....

Equal parts of

Tincture Cayenne  

"             Opium       

"            Rubarb

Essence Pepperment

Spirits of Camphor

put 15-30 drops in water and drink


There is a CROSS, MYRTIE  who is listed as passing away in Martin County, Minnesota. Is this a relative? Is this maybe George's wife-son of William?

It says:

 Date of Birth: n/a

 Place of Birth: Out of State

 Mother Maiden Name: Levy

Died:  07/23/1955



1880 census

 William CROSS   Self   M   Male   W   47   SCO   Farmer   SCO   ENG 

 Louisa CROSS   Wife   M   Female   W   41   CA   Keeping House   NH   NY 

 Ada J. CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   22   WI      SCO   CAN 

 Ralph W. CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   15   WI   Works On Farm   SCO   CAN 

 Annie F. CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   12   MN      SCO   CAN 

 Geo. H. CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   10   MN      SCO   CAN 

 William HAY   Other   S   Male   W   19   ENG      ENG   ENG 

Census Place Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota

  Family History Library Film   1254626

  NA Film Number   T9-0626

  Page Number   175A


Burial: Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota Lakeside Cem (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.)

Census: 1870, Martin County, Fairmont, Minnesota (Source: 1870 census, William Cross-37-M-Farmer- 1200-695-ScotlandLouisa Cross-31-F-Keeping House-Canada says mother and father are foreignAda Cross-12-F-at home-WiscRalph Cross-5-M-at home-WiscAnna Cross-2-F-at home-WiscGeorge Cross-2/12-M-at home-WiscJohn Cross-86-M-Farmer-Scotland.)



Death CertID# 1928-MN-008125  

 In the 1870 census-Louisa says her parents are from Holland


William's diaries state

July 2, 1884 Wednesday/ Louisa's mother and Mr. Gilmore came here from Ohio visiting, Milo brought them from town

July 3, 1884 Thursday/ Cultivated my corn, finished, George went to town, got suit of clothes

July 4, 1884 Friday/ Went to town, had dull day, went to Pixley's in evening, stayed until midnight, Anna played, Fred Style went with me

July 5, 1884 Saturday/ Herman Miller here and stayed all night, everyone sleepy

July 6, 1884 Sunday/ Herman Miller went home, Groff went to town with him

July 7, 1884 Monday/ Went to town, got wagon fellows for one wheel, Billy went with me

July 8, 1884 Tuesday/ Fixed wagon wheel, Louisa and mother went to Fosses visiting

July 9, 1884 Wednesday/ Filled one wagon wheel and set tire. Louisa and her mother came home from Fosses, Mrs. White came here, Nancy cut on wire fence

July 10, 1884 Thursday/ Mrs. White here, all hands went berrying, Old Nellie little sick, Mrs. White gone home, turned Billy into pasture

July 11, 1884 Friday/ Raked little hay, showery all day, last day of school, fixed one hind wheel of wagon

July 12, 1884 Saturday/ Billy and I cocked some hay, went to town with George Jones, Mr. Gilmore went with Billy Doyle, got wagon rod

July 13, 1884 Sunday/ Cool and pleasant, Mr. Petrie and wife visiting at Groff's, Lenny Burton sent after Polly

July 14, 1884 Monday/ Got letter from Ralph, Louisa and I went to town, took Mr. and Mrs. Gilmore up to take the cars for Mapleton, got old Dick to work, got letter for Billy, Ada went to Colton's to work.

So is Mr. Gilmore her second husband?



Burial: Lakeside Cemetery, Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota



Marriage: 1857, Wisconsin


See Cross's on Rose Lake



12.              i.       RALPH WALTER4 CROSS, b. January 24, 1865, Dane County, Wisconsin; d. May 17, 1940, Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota.

                  ii.       ADA JANE CROSS (Source: 1860 census, names her as Ada Jane age 2.), b. January 16, 1858, Dane County, Wisconsin (Source: Ada's obit.); d. January 05, 1937, Martin County, Minnesota (Source: Death Certificate, CertID# 1934-MN-008270.).



Never married

Her diaries from 1915-1935 (19 volumes) can be found at the MN historical society


From the Fairmont Sentinal Jan. 6, 1937


Resident Since 1866 Passes Away at Home of Sister, Mrs. Annie Hay-Funeral Friday Afternoon

  Miss Ada J. Cross a resident of Martin County for 70 years, died at 11 p.m. yesterday at the home of her sister, Mrs. Annie F. Hay, 117 Tilden street. While in poor health for some time, she did not become seriously ill until New Years day, when she came down with a hard cold. Death was the result of old age. She would have been 79 years old Jan. 16.

  Miss Cross was born in Dane county, Wisconsin, in 1858, and came to Martin county with her parents, the late Mr. and Mrs. William Cross, in 1866. The family settled in the Rose Lake neighborhood and farmed there until about 20 years ago, when they moved to Fairmont. Miss Cross lived here with her parents until the death of her father, when she and Mrs. Cross went to live with Mr. and Mrs. William Hay. Mrs. Cross died about seven years ago.

    Miss Cross is survived by her sister, Mrs. Hay, and two brothers, R.W. Cross of this city and George H. Cross, residing in Montana.

  Funeral services will take place Friday at 2 p.m. at the Jones-Olson funeral home, with Rev. H.B. Whitehead officiating.

  Miss Cross, a member of the Covered Wagon club and one of the county's true pioneers, lived a useful and blameless life. Her passing will be mourned by friends of the well known family throughout this territory.

  Friends may call at the Jones-Olson funeral home between 10a.m. and 12 noon Friday 


Notes from Uncle "Bud" Donald Cross

  He said that when he lived on the farm, it was on Rose Lake. This means that when Ada and her mother moved to Fairmont with their sister, Ralph stayed on the farm.




Burial: Lakeside Cemetery, Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota


                 iii.       ROLLIN PERRY CROSS, b. October 01, 1859.

13.           iv.       ANNA F. CROSS, b. January 14, 1868, Rose Lake, Martin County, Minnesota; d. Aft. May 1949.

                  v.       GEORGE H. CROSS, b. March 27, 1870, Matin County, Minnesota.


Notes for GEORGE H. CROSS:

Uncle Bud (Donald Cross) remembers seeing this man when Bud was 6 or 7 years old. He said that George was a cowboy and had a patch on his eye from being kicked in the face by a horse. He also remembered that he was living in Glasgow, Montana. Wayne Hay also remembers this man the same way, he also believes that he may have been married and moved to Ventura, California. Could this be why Ralph went to Ventura?


He is living at home in 1920 with his parents and sister in Fairmont, MN


Census Microfilm Records: Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, 1900

Lived in:  Township 18 North Range 17 East, Fergus County, Montana

Series: T623     Microfilm:  911     Book:  1     Page:  230    

Cross, george...w...m...B March 1870 age 30...single...Servant...Born Minnesota...Father born Scotland...M B Pennsylvania...occupation...Cowboy...4 months not employed


Census 1910

Census Microfilm Records: Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, 1910

Age:  39     

Gender:  M    

Race:  W    

Birthplace:  MN    

State:  North Dakota    

County:  WILLIAMS    

Locale:  3-WD WILLISTON    

Series:  T624    

Roll:  1149    

Part:  2    

Page:  271A    

Cross, george H...head...m...w...age 39...single...B Minnesota...FB Scotland...MB New york...occcupation is a ??iveman on the G.N. RR




5.  JAMES3 CROSS (JOHN2, JAMES1) (Source: LDS microfiche.) was born May 16, 1814 in Lanashire, Scotland (Source: William's letter to brother George, gives all children's birthdates...James death gives location of birth.), and died January 08, 1884 in Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York.  He married JEAN NICOL (Source: Marriage cert.) December 31, 1835 in Old Kilpatrick, Scotland (Source: Marriage Record.).  She was born 1813 in Ireland (Source: Headstone.), and died 1882 (Source: Headstone.).


Notes for JAMES CROSS:

Morristown Business Directory - Individuals

From Child's Gazeteer of St. Lawrence County



Last, First, Post Office, Occupation, Farm Acres

Cross, James, Morristown, Farmer, 22


James' father lived in Hammond in 1840-it appears that James moved there a few years later (as William was born there in 1844). Daughter Helen says the family came to the U.S. about 1841. But then moved to Morristown which is a part of Hammond. James' brother george says he was from Ogdensburg-which is a city next to hammond-the largest in that area at that time.


1850 census-after reading many pages of the 1850 census, page by page...I believe he was not counted. His Daughter's obit states that Mary died in the house where she was born and where she lived all of her life. She would have been born there in 1840. I believe that somehow this family was not listed in the 1850 census. Mary died in 1930


Census Microfilm Records: New York, 1860

State:  New York    

County:  ST LAWRENCE    

Locale:  MORRISTOWN    

Series:  M653    

Roll:  854    

Part:  1    

Page:  491   

James cross...age 47...M...Farmer...3000 in realestate and 744 in pers prop...B Scotland...

Jane Cross...age 47...F...B Ireland

Ellen Cross...age 22...F...Laborer...B Scotland

Ann F. Cross...age 19...F...B Scotland

John Cross...age 18...M...B New York

William N. Cross...age 15...M...B New York

James Cross...age 13...M...B new York

Mary Cross...age 11...F...B New york  


1870 Census Morristown, St. Lawrence County New York

15  144  148 Cross          James          57   M    W    Farm Laborer             1,000     Scotland           X      X                                                   X

 16  144  148 Cross          Jane           58   F    W    House Keeper                       Ireland            X      X

 17  144  148 Cross          Hellen         32   F    W    Seamstress                         Scotland           X      X

Mary was living in another household as a domestic servant


1880 Census same info in 1870 all 10 years younger Mary not listed

James CROSS   Self   M   Male   W   65   SCOT   Farmer   SCOT   SCOT 

 Jane CROSS   Wife   M   Female   W   67   IRE   Keeping House   IRE   SCOT 

 Mary CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   30   NY   At Home   SCOT   IRE 

 Hellen CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   42   SCOT   Milliner   SCOT   IRE 

Source Information:

  Census Place Morristown, St. Lawrence, New York

  Family History Library Film   1254926

  NA Film Number   T9-0926

  Page Number   126B



There is no James Cross in Scottish records born to John and Ann or Francis McFarland or any of the various spellings. This was a search between 1810 and 1820 these were the only poss





#85 Jan. 8, 1884 James Cross 69 y 7 m 29 dys.



born: Lanashire, Scotland

Father: John Cross born: Scotland

Mother: Anna Frances Cross born: Scotland

Cause of Death: Heart Disease

Physician: Dr. J. A. Philips

Place of Death: Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York


From St. Lawrence County Obits Website


Died. Cross, Suddenly, at Morristown, Jan. 8, 1884

Mr. James Cross, in the 70's year of his age. Mr. Cross was born in Scotland and emigrated to this country more than 40 years ago. Since then he has lived in Hammond and Morristown. He was a man of much intelligence and keen observation, honest in all his dealings, pure in his life, tender in his sympathies. He is now mourned by a large circle of friends and neighbors.


New York State Death index # 403, James CROSS D 8 Jan 1884, Morristown, New York


James CROSS emigrated from Scotland to Louisville, New York . Arrived 1838. B in Scotland. Report Dec 20, 1859. Admitted Dec 20, 1860. Under 18 when he arrived. Allegiance to G. Britain. Occupation Farmer. This info under Alien Reports at Canto, New York. A 1-4.

I believe this James is the son of George Cross who lived in Louisville and who is probably the brother of our John.




Burial: Pine Hill Cemetery, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York


Notes for JEAN NICOL:

The headstone next to James is Jean Nicol "his wife" 1813-1882

If you go by traditional Scottish naming patterns, Jean's parents would be William Nicol and Helen. There is a William Nicol and Helen Eston who had Jean Nicol on Sept 26, 1812 and she was Christened on Sept 29, 1812 in Forfar, Angus Scotland



More About JEAN NICOL:

Burial: Pine Hill Cemetery, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York


Marriage Notes for JAMES CROSS and JEAN NICOL:

31 Dec 1835 CROSS JAMES JEAN NICOL/ M OLD OR WEST KILPATRICK 501/00 0004 No Image need to order


Old Parochial Register

James Cross and Jean Nicol

Old Kilpatrick, 18th December 1835

Then were booked in order to marriage James Cross, cotton spinner and Jean Nicol both at Duntocher, proved 20th and 27th December 1835. They were married 31st Decemeber 1835



Marriage: December 31, 1835, Old Kilpatrick, Scotland (Source: Marriage Record.)


Children of JAMES CROSS and JEAN NICOL are:

                   i.       HELEN H.4 CROSS, b. September 09, 1837, Scotland (Source: Headstone.); d. January 05, 1936, New York City, New York (Source: Monica Smith.).


Notes for HELEN H. CROSS:

1900 cenus

Lived in:  Alexandria, Jefferson County, New York

Series: T623     Microfilm:  1041     Book:  1     Page:  75    

Cross, Hellen H.-Servant-w-f-Sept 1837-single-born Scotland-parents born Scotland-imm unknown-house servant


1910 census

State:  New York    

County:  NEW YORK    

Locale:  12-WD MANHATTAN    

Series:  T624    

Roll:  1027    

Part:  1    

Page:  74B    

Cross, Helen H.-servant-f-w-72-single-born Scotland-parents born Scotland-looks like came to US in 1844-house Keeper


1920 census not found 1930 cenus not found

Helen was living at 508 W. 135th Street, New York City, New York at the time of her sister, Mary's, death (4/17/1930)

Her death certificate says she was 4 years old when she came to the U.S. Her death certificate says she was single and worked as a Housekeeper


More About HELEN H. CROSS:

Burial: January 07, 1936, Pine Hill Cemetery, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York


14.             ii.       ANN F. CROSS, b. September 29, 1840, Scotland; d. April 05, 1884, Sac County, Iowa.

                 iii.       JOHN CROSS, b. 1844, New York (Source: Headstone.); d. 1872 (Source: Headstone.).


Notes for JOHN CROSS:

was he in the civil war?


There are only 2 John Cross's in New York in 1870 that match his age/or are even close. But they both say they parents are not foriegn born!! Both are married with at least one child.


More About JOHN CROSS:

Burial: Pine Hill Cemetery, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York


15.           iv.       JUDGE WILLIAM NICHOLAS CROSS, b. April 07, 1844, Hammond, St. Lawrence Coutny, New York; d. August 14, 1937, Cheboygan, Michigan.

16.            v.       JAMES CHARLES CROSS, b. February 16, 1847, Hammond, St. Lawrence, New York; d. June 25, 1926, Columbia County, Wisconsin.

                 vi.       MARY CROSS, b. 1849, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York (Source: Headstone.); d. April 17, 1930, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York.


Notes for MARY CROSS:

May never had married as headstone gives her maiden name


1870 Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York

Mary is living with James Holliday and his family as a servant-she is 21 and it says she was born in New York


1900 census Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York

Cross, Mary-head-w-f-June 1849-50-single-born New York-Fb Scotland-MB Ireland-farmer


1910 census Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York

Cross, Mary-head-f-w-60-single-born NY-parents born NY-


1920 census Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York

4 Rod Rd

Cross, Mary-head-owned home-female-white-age 70-single-can read and write-born New York-FB Scotland-MB New York-Farm operator


1930 census Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York

Cross, Mary-head-female-w-80-single-born New York-parents born Scotland


Obit April 5, 1930

Morristown-Badly burned about the face and body while attempting to start her kitchen fire with kerosine oil, Miss Mary Cross, 90 year old resident of Morristown, expired at 2:30 o'clock this morning at her home in that village. She died in the house she was born in and where she had lived all her life.

The aged woman who lived alone was found writhing in agony on the kitchen floor when Carl Fay, a milkman, stopped about 6:30 Tuesday with his morning relivery(sic). Fire had caught her clothing but she had managed to put it out by rolling about and beating the flames. her face, hands and clothing were burned.

The milkman gave Miss Cross first aid and went for help. Soon Neighbors flocked in and administered to her. In the meantime a physician was called. She was given an opiate to relieve the intense pain of the burns, Miss Cross also suffered from shock.

Miss Cross was well known in Morristown and vicinity. Born in the house in which she died, she often recalled the early days of Morristown when the village was composed of a few little houses.

The deceased is survived by one sister, Miss Helen Cross, 93 years old, of New York City. The funeral will be held in Morristown. Arrangements are incomplete.


More About MARY CROSS:

Burial: Pine Hill Cemetery, Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York


6.  JEMIMA3 CROSS (JOHN2, JAMES1) (Source: LDS microfiche.) was born January 26, 1816 in Scotland.  She married WILLIAM HARLAND.  He was born Abt. 1815 in England, and died Bef. 1875.



There is no Jemima Cross found in all of Scotland between 1810 to 1830 with soundex


There is a death record for Jemima Harland who died Nov 25, 1899 in Wood County, Wisconsin,


1850 U.S. Census • Wisconsin • Dane • York

(living next door to her brother and the rest of the family!! 17 years of looking and they were right next door!!!

William Harlun-35-m-farmer-born England

Jemimah Harlun-32-f-Scotland

John Harlun-11-M-New York

William harlun-9-m-Mew york

Frances Harlun-8-f-New York

Ann Harlun-6-f-Michigan

??tha Harlun-3-f-Wisconsin

Thomas Harlun-3/12-m-Wisconsin



1860 U.S. Census • Wisconsin • Monroe • Glendale

William Harland-50-m-farmer-born Canada

Jemima Harland-46-f-Scotland

John Harland-20-male-farm laborer-New York

William Harland-18-NY

Frances Harland-16-f-New York

Ann Harland-15-f-New york

Agatha Harland-12-f-Wisconsin

Thomas Harland-11-m-Wisconsin

Jemima Harland-6-f-Wisconsin

Jane Harland-4-f-Wisc

George Harland-3-m-Wisc

Fred Harland-1-m-wisconsin


 1870 United States Federal Census > Wisconsin > Juneau > Lemonweir

Harland, William-57-m-w-Farmer-England

" Jemima-53-F-W-Keeping House-Scotland

"Frances-26-f-w-New York

", Ann-25-f-w-New York

", Augusta-22-f-w-New York

", Thomas-19-m-w-Wisconsin

", Jemima-17-f-w-Wisconsin

", Jennie-14-f-w-Wisconsin

", George-13-m-w-Wisconsin

", Fred-11-m-w-Wisconsin


1875 Census - in Lemonweir, Juneau Co., State of Wisconsin

William must have died by then

Heads of Families Male Female

Harland, Jemimia 3 2



                   i.       JOHN4 HARLAND, b. November 21, 1839, New York; d. July 02, 1863, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.



in Civil War

Harland, John

mother: Harland, Jemima

26 Wisc Inf

Date files: 1880 March????-Mother-261.627

(Book on civil war Wisconsin says he was a private in company I 6th infantry)

Mauston Cemetery, Mauston, Wis

Civil War stone

Harland, John-Co. I 6th Wisc. Inf.-11/21/1839 to 7/2/1863 Killed at Gettysburg.


6th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry



Organized at Camp Randall, Madison, Wis., and mustered in July 16, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., July 28. At Harrisburg, Pa., till August 3, then moved to Washington. Attached to King's Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, King's Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1865.




SERVICE.-Camp on Meridian Hill and duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16. Advance to Falmouth April 9-19. Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg till August McDowell's advance on Richmond March 25-29. Operations against Jackson June 2-11. Reconnoissance to Orange Court House July 24-27. Reconnoissance to Frederick's Hail Station and Spottsylvania Court House August 5-8. Thornburg's Mills (or Massaponax Church) August 5-6. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Action at Gainesville August 28. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly , September 1 (Reserve). Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain , Md., September 14; Antietam, September 16-17. At Sharpsburg till October 30. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 22. Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Belle Plain till April 27. Expedition to Heathville February 12-14. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Fitzhugh's Crossing April 29-30. Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg , Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap. Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Haymarket October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 4-June 15, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness , May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12 Spottsylvania Court House , May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor , June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg, June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Weldon Railroad , August 18-21, 1864. Boydton Road , Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm , near Gravelly Run, March 29. Boydton and White Oak Roads March 30-31. Five Forks , April 1. Fall of Petersburg , April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Courthouse, April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 17. Mustered out July 2, 1865.




Regiment lost during service 16 Officers and 228 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 112 Enlisted men by disease. Total 357.



Name:    John Harland ,  

Residence:    Glendale, Wisconsin 

Enlistment Date:    11 May 1861 

Distinguished Service:    DISTINGUISHED SERVICE 

Side Served:    Union 

State Served:    Wisconsin 

Unit Numbers:    3110 3110 

Service Record:    Enlisted as a Private on 11 May 1861

Enlisted in Company I, 6th Infantry Regiment Wisconsin on 11 May 1861.

Killed Company I, 6th Infantry Regiment Wisconsin on 01 July 1863 in Gettysburg, PA




Sixth Infantry. -- Cols., Lysander Cutler, Edward S. Bragg,

John A. Kellogg, Lieut.-Cols., Julius P. Atwood, Benjamin J.

Sweet, Rufus. R. Dawes, Thomas Kerr, Majs., John F. Hauser,

Philip W. Plummer, Dennis B. Dailey.


This regiment was organized at Camp Randall Madison, in July,

1861, mustered into the U. S. service on the 16th and left the

state for Washington on the 28th. It arrived at Washington on

Aug. 7, was immediately assigned to King's brigade and went

into camp on Meridian Hill.


It remained there until Sept. 3, when it marched, with the

brigade, to Chain bridge and was employed in picket and guard

duty at Camp Lyon until it was joined by the 2nd and 7th Wis.

and the 19th Ind. The regiment remained in camp, engaged in

various duties until March, 1862, when it took part in the

advance on Manassas, encamping near Fairfax Court House.


On Aug. 5 an expedition was sent out to destroy the Virginia

Central railroad and the regiment, with a small force of

cavalry and artillery was detached and marched to Frederick's

Hall Station where they destroyed 2 miles of the track, the

depot and other buildings, and rejoined the command at

Spottsylvania Court House.


The regiment went into line at the battle of Gainesville and

fought until darkness put an end to the contest, losing 14

killed or mortally wounded and 46 wounded. The following day

the regiment was present on the battle-field of Bull Run,

where it lost 9 killed and 93 wounded.


It participated in the battle of South Mountain, fighting

during the day and occupying the field all night. In this

engagement the regiment lost 15 in killed and mortally wounded

and 67 were wounded. It was vigorously engaged at Antietam,

the story of which is best told by the casualties, 38 being

killed or died of wounds and 160 were wounded.


The regiment was in the advance of a storming party at

Fitzhugh's Crossing, where it crossed the river in pontoon

boats and charged upon the intrenchments of the enemy. For

its gallantry in this desperate charge the regiment received

special mention in a complimentary order from Gen. Wadsworth.

The list of casualties in this daring exploit show that the

regiment lost 4 killed and 12 wounded.


During the early part of the first day's fighting at

Gettysburg the regiment had been detached as a reserve, but

later it participated in a charge under a terrible fire and

captured a Confederate regiment. Reorganizing the shattered

ranks, the 6th moved forward to the support of a battery in

its front, which position it held until the enemy had pressed

back the lines on the two flanks, when it fell back to the

support of the brigade battery. During the day the regiment

saved the 147th N. Y. volunteers from capture by charging down

upon the enemy who was pursuing it and in conjunction with the

14th Brooklyn drove the Confederates from the field. The loss

of the regiment at the battle of Gettysburg was 30 killed, 116

wounded and 22 missing.




Burial: Mauston Cemetery, Mauston, Wis


                  ii.       WILLIAM H. HARLAND, b. Abt. 1841, New York.



Civil War Pension File

Harland, William H. Mother: Harland, Jemima

D 25 Wis Infantry

Date of File-March 17, 1880-Mother-261.627

"see ??? John Harland, 26 Wisconsin Infantry

(book on company's says he was a private in D company 25th infantry



William H. Harland (First_Last)

Regiment Name 25 Wisconsin Infantry.

Side Union 

Company  D 

Soldier's Rank_In  Pvt. 

Soldier's Rank_Out  Pvt. 

Alternate Name  


Film Number M559 roll 12




25th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry



Organized at LaCrosse, Wis., and mustered in September 14, 1862. Ordered to St. Paul, Minn., September 19, and assigned to duty on northwestern frontier at New Ulm and other points in Minnesota till November. March to Winona, Wis., 300 miles, November 27-December 13. Moved to Camp Randall, Wis., and duty there till February, 1863. Left State for Cairo, Ill., February 17, thence moved to Columbus, Ky., and duty there till April. Attached to District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to May, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Kimball's Provisionai Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Kimball's Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to August, 1863. Helena, Ark., 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Arkansas, to January, 1864. District of Eastern Arkansas, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to June, 1865.




SERVICE.-Moved to Cape Girardeau, Mo., April 27, 1863, thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Young's Point, La., May 31-June 4. Moved to Haines' Bluff June 16, thence to Snyder's Bluff and duty there till July 25. Siege of Vicksburg , Miss., June 4 to July 4. Expedition to Greenville June 25-July 1. Gaines' Landing, Ark., June 28. Ordered to Helena, Ark., July 25, and duty there till February 1, 1864. Moved to Vicksburg February 1. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Moved to Cairo, Ill., thence to Waterloo, Ala., and march to Decatur via Florence, Athens and Mooresville March 10-April 16. Operations against Forest March 16-April 14. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Sugar Valley near Resaca May 9. Battle of Resaca , May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas , New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw Mountain June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Ruff's Mills July 3-4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Decatur and battle of Atlanta, July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro , August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Montieth Swamp December 9. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnoissance to Salkehatchie River, S. C., January 20. Rivers and Broxton Bridges, Salkehatchie River, S. C., February 2. Salkehatchie Swamp , February 2-5. River's Bridge February 3. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 7, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 46 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 402 Enlisted men by disease. Total 460.



Personal Information  

Name:    William H Harland ,  

Residence:    Glendale, Wisconsin 

Enlistment Date:    14 August 1862 

Distinguished Service:    DISTINGUISHED SERVICE 

Side Served:    Union 

State Served:    Wisconsin 

Unit Numbers:    3077 3077 

Service Record:    Enlisted as a Private on 14 August 1862

Enlisted in Company D, 25th Infantry Regiment Wisconsin on 14 August 1862.

Absent, sick Company D, 25th Infantry Regiment Wisconsin on 07 June 1865


Regimental History

Twenty-fifth Infantry





Twenty-fifth Infantry. -- Col., Milton Montgomery Lieut.-

Cols., Samuel J. Nasmith, Jeremiah M. Rusk, Majs., Jeremiah M

Rusk, William H. Joslyn.


This regiment was organized at Camp Salomon, La Crosse and was

mustered in Sept. 14, 1862. It left the state Sept. 19 for

Minnesota to aid in restraining Indian outbreaks.


This done it was ordered to Columbus, Ky., in Feb. 1863, and

assigned to Montgomery's brigade. It was sent to Snyder's

Bluff near Vicksburg in June, and assigned to the district of

eastern Arkansas in the latter part of the summer and fall.


The winter and spring were employed in expeditions into

Mississippi and Alabama, the regiment having an engagement at

Decatur, and then joining Sherman's army for the Atlanta

campaign. It was in action at Resaca in the front line and

under heavy fire, holding a hill against three determined

charges and receiving the approbation of Gen. Wood.


It was in the three days' skirmish at Dallas and at Kennesaw

Mountain was under fire for over two weeks. It was ordered to

Decatur in July to guard a train, and part of the regiment,

with part of an Ohio regiment, engaged in a hot contest with

two divisions of Confederate cavalry, intent upon capturing

the train.


Though compelled to fall back to the reserves they fought to

such effect that the enemy was held off. The regiment reached

Atlanta July 26 and assisted its brigade in dislodging a force

camped on a hill, after which it aided in fortifying it



The regiment performed effective service during the siege,

then accompanied the army to Savannah, proceeded north through

the Carolinas; was in a spirited fight at the Salkehatchie

River; supported the attacking forces at Goldsboro;

participated in the grand review at Washington, and was

mustered out June 7, 1865.


Its original strength was 1,018 Gain by recruits, 312;

substitutes, 6; draft, 108; total, 1,444. Loss by death, 422;

desertion, 20; transfer, 65; discharge, 165; mustered out,



Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 60


Battles Fought


Fought at Paducah, KY.

Fought on 13 February 1864 at Little Chunky Creek, MS.

Fought on 25 March 1864.

Fought on 26 March 1864.

Fought on 13 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.

Fought on 14 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.

Fought on 15 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.

Fought on 16 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.

Fought on 27 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.

Fought on 29 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.

Fought on 30 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.

Fought on 09 June 1864 at Big Shanty, GA.

Fought on 14 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 15 June 1864 at Acworth, GA.

Fought on 15 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 16 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 17 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 22 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 23 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 26 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.

Fought on 22 July 1864 at Decatur, GA.

Fought on 31 July 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 01 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 06 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 09 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 10 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 14 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 15 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 16 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 17 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 23 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 25 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 26 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 01 September 1864 at Atlanta, GA.

Fought on 30 September 1864.

Fought on 01 December 1864.

Fought on 08 December 1864 at Savannah, GA.

Fought on 11 December 1864 at Savannah, GA.

Fought on 27 December 1864.

Fought on 02 February 1865 at River's Bridge, SC.

Fought on 02 February 1865 at Salkehatchie, SC.

Fought on 09 February 1865 at South Edisto River, SC.

Fought on 26 February 1865.

Fought on 22 March 1865 at Bentonville, NC.








17.            iii.       FRANCES HARLAND, b. Abt. 1842, New York; d. 1907.

                 iv.       ANN HARLAND, b. Abt. 1844, Michigan.

                  v.       AGATHA HARLAND, b. Abt. 1847, Wisconsin.

                 vi.       THOMAS HARLAND, b. Abt. 1850, Wisconsin.

                vii.       JEMIMA HARLAND, b. Abt. 1854, Wisconsin.

               viii.       JANE HARLAND, b. Abt. 1856, Wisconsin.

18.            ix.       GEORGE R. HARLAND, b. July 1857, Wisconsin.

19.             x.       FREDRICK O. HARLAND, b. Abt. 1859, Wisconsin; d. Bef. 1930.



7.  ELIZA3 CROSS (JOHN2, JAMES1) was born October 09, 1820 in Old Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland, and died 1901.  She married SAMUEL HUSTON Bef. 1860.  He was born Abt. 1821 in Ohio, and died Bef. 1870 in Wisconsin.


Notes for ELIZA CROSS:

There is no Eliza or Elizabeth born in Scotland between 1815 and 1825 to these parents using soundex but there is a bethia is this the same person or did Bethia die before they came over?


1860 Medina Township, Dane County, Wisconsin, Census

Household 54

Samuel Huston age 39, farmer, born Ohio

Eliza Huston age 39, female, born Scotland

Flora Huston age 11, female, born Wisconsin

John Huston, age 3, male, born Wisconsin


1870 Medina, Dane, Wisconsin she is the first house to be recorded

Houston, Eliza, age 47, female, keeps house, born in Scotland,

Houston, Flora, age 20, at home, born Wisconsin

Houston, John, age 13, male, at home, born Wisconsin


1880 census, Fairmont, Martin County

Eliza Huston head of house, widow, age 53, born Scotland

John F. Huston, son, age 23, carpenter, born Wisconsin


1900 census, Center Creek Township, Martin County, Minnesota

Huston, Eliza, head, born Sept 1820, age 79, widow, 3 children 2 living, born Scotland

Huston, John F, son, born Feb 1857, single, born Wisconsin, FB Indiana, MB Scotland, carpenter






Burial: Rose Lake, Cemetery, Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota



Marriage: Bef. 1860


Children of ELIZA CROSS and SAMUEL HUSTON are:

20.              i.       FLORA M.4 HUSTON, b. September 15, 1849, Wisconsin; d. October 22, 1940, Granada, Martin County, Minnesota.

                  ii.       JOHN F. HUSTON, b. Abt. 1857.


Notes for JOHN F. HUSTON:

1860 Medina Township, Dane County, Wisconsin, Census

Household 54

Samuel Huston age 39, farmer, born Ohio

Eliza Huston age 39, female, born Scotland

Flora Huston age 11, female, born Wisconsin

John Huston, age 3, male, born Wisconsin


1870 Medina, Dane, Wisconsin she is the first house to be recorded

Houston, Eliza, age 47, female, keeps house, born in Scotland,

Houston, Flora, age 20, at home, born Wisconsin

Houston, John, age 13, male, at home, born Wisconsin


1880 census, Fairmont, Martin County

Eliza Huston head of house, widow, age 53, born Scotland

John F. Huston, son, age 23, carpenter, born Wisconsin


1900 census, Center Creek Township, Martin County, Minnesota

Huston, Eliza, head, born Sept 1820, age 79, widow, 3 children 2 living, born Scotland

Huston, John F, son, born Feb 1857, single, born Wisconsin, FB Indiana, MB Scotland, carpenter


1910 census, Center Creek Township, Martin County, Ninnesota

Sumner, Alfred, head, age 67, single, born Vermont, carpenter

Huston, John T, partner, age 53, single, born Wisconsin, FB Indiana, MB Scotland, carpenter




8.  GEORGE3 CROSS (JOHN2, JAMES1) (Source: George's Obit, Mexican War Veteran Answers His Final Call- George Cross Who Accompanied Fremont-Passes Away   SAN JOSE, March 23. - George Cross who came to California with Fremont in 1846, died last night in a local sanitorium.    Cross was a veteran of the Mexican war, and he helped build the historic mill race in which Marshall discovered gold near Sacramento.    For many years Cross resided on a farm near this city. he was a native of Ogdensburg, NY, 85 years of age. he leaves a number of children, all grown and married.) was born September 20, 1826 in New or East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (Source: Scotland's birth index, 20 Sep 1826 CROSS GEORGE JOHN CROSS/FRANCES MC FARLANE M NEW OR EAST KILPATRICK 500/00 0003 No Image.), and died March 21, 1910 in California (Source: Death Certificate Index at the Santa Clara County Recorders office., The Cert # is 1000125, Book H, Page 126.).  He married LAVINA FREER (Source: Santa Clara County, California, Early Settlers Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World.) August 17, 1852 in San Jose, Santa Clara County, Californias (Source: (1) Georges marriage record, I hereby certify that in the above county on the 17th day of August A.D. 1852, I united in marriage George Cross with Lavina Freer. Having first asked the above parties if it was their intention and desire to contract marriage unto each other, and the consent of the surviving parent, the mother of the bride, having first been given, she the bride being under the age of consent. The above parties signified their intention to be so united, and promised to assume the obligations and discharge the duties of wedlock. Signed the J.P., (2) Santa Clara County, California, Early Settlers Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World.), daughter of JONATHON FREER and HANNAH SWORDS.  She was born 1835 in Indiana, and died November 1891 in California (Source: George's pension record.).



In 1900 census with daughter Daisy

1890 santa clara great register listed as age 53, farmer in berryesa, naturalized by virtue of his father reg may 1, 1880


Letter to William Cross from brother George


San Jose  May the 14 1876


Dear Brother and Sister,


      I hardly know how to commence this long letter to you it is supposed to be long and necessarily worthless confession on stale matter to you, but as you seem to complain of my short letters, here goes for a more lengthy one and I venture to say by the time you have read it you will be willing to acknowledge that is more than enough.  I’m going to give you a brief sketch of my life in California the last 30 years.  As you may remember John, York and myself left home on the 16-day of September 1845 for California. California was almost unknown in those days only to a few. As I said we left on the 16 of September.  Brought a scow put ours trunks aboard.  Our outfit consisted of a few pounds of ham and a box of crackers, a good rifle apiece and plenty of ammunition and 100 dollars in silver between the three all told. We started down the Crawfish River to go to St. Louis, got lost in Lake Koshkonong  sailed about for two days before finding the outlet owing to fog, got out at lasting to the Rock River. Sold the boat for ten dollars crossed the country to Galena. Took a streamer for St. Louis, got there to late for the Santa Fe traders. So we started to Council Bluffs, the Missouri River was so low that

we did not travel further than a place called Weston on the Missouri River.  We shoulder our rifles and started in the country to the headwaters of the Grand River calculating to hunt throughout the winter and start in the spring with the first train to California. When we got to the headwaters of the Grand River its about 90 miles.  We did not get much game, there being only a few deer and wild turkeys, opossum, raccoons.  We stayed there some three weeks, packed up and went to St. Joseph on the Missouri River.  There we laid by the rifle for the axe and chopped cordwood all winter for 37 cents per cord and boarded ourselves.  Lived in a cabin on the banks of the river and in the morning had to shovel the snow out before we could get breakfast. We cut that winter 600 cords of wood and split 1000 rails all for one little yoke of oxen an old wagon.  So when the time came to start in the spring we could not raise the necessary amount of dollars and hired ourselves out to drive team for our board.  York and myself got with one man and John had to go in another company.( *********This was near Marysville, Kansas. On the very next day, the Donners joined the party. In June of 1846, there was another change in the Captain's status. This time it is mention that he suffered an attack of bilious fever, in which time he gave his resignation. On June 18th it also mentions the Pawnees that George talks about in his letter:

Meanwhile, back on the Trail, the Smith Company, which included the Graves family, encountered "Indian troubles." According to William Graves in his 1877 article "Crossing the Plains in '46:"  "we got along smoothly until within about fifty miles of Scott's Bluffs; here we found some real Pawnee Indians, or they found us, and stole some of our cattle and killed two men;  one of them, Wm. Trimble, left a wife and two or three children."  [Actually, only one man was killed, Edward Trimble of Henry County, Iowa, and he left a widow and four children.  The other man, Harrison, was rescued by two other members of the Party, as reported in the St. Louis Revile of July 2, 1846.] *********)

 So we started for California  and a very exiting time of it we had, between balky oxen and unbroken horse, runaways, steaming women and children, organizing of company, electron of officers. All green as gourds about travel and knowing nothing of the route.  Well we got under way and after the first week all went on satisfactory.  Till we got to the Pawnee Indians there trouble commenced.  We was about 70 in number.  They attached us in open day and killed two of our men that had stayed behind for something.  A general halt was ordered by our most noble Captain,.  a coral was formed by the wagons and teams and a call for volunteers to fight the Pawnee’s.  Our most noble Captain had a bad fit or spell of cramps colic.  York was rather a pleas able kind of a fellow and  slow to resent an injury.  So something had to be done. So I loaded my rifle and drew up an agreement and went back to the man and just gave him ten minutes to sign the agreement and too York back and let him drive to California.  The rifle was the best arbitrator them days.  So he done as desired and all went well again.  When we got to the foot of the Sierra Nevada we met an old mountain man and he told us of the war between Mexico and U.S. and he was sent back to enlist volunteers.  (****NOTE Military Roster gives names G. Cross, J. Cross and Wm York all enlisting in Sacremento October 14, 1846 for 3 months at $25 dollars a month Company F. Others listed at same place and time as well) So I enlisted there and then to fight for Uncle Sam.  We got into the valley of Sacramento on the 18-day of October having been over six months on the trip.  There were 18 of us all told that enlisted, John, York, and myself among the number.  We was taken from the fort to San Francisco, then called Yerba Buena, in the first cutter of the Sloop of War Portsmouth, then in the harbor of San Francisco.  We got some clothes from the Sloop or rather from the officers.  We stayed aboard about two weeks then we was sent to San Jose to join Freemont’s Battalion of rag muffins then quartered there at San Jose, called then the Pueblo De San Jose, in English the city of Saint Joseph.  We then was handed over to Senor Freemont a clever little fellow, but no general.  We started down the coast to Los Angles.  We were all mounted on poor sore back old plugs of horse that the Spaniards did not think worthwhile to run-off.  This was in the winter of 1846 and it rained incisively.  We had no tents and but one blanket apiece.  The consequence was we were never dry for three months, a dry blanket would have been a great luxury.  The first 7 months I was in California I never tasted bread nothing but beef, beef roasted on a stick.  We at last arrived at Los Angles, The City of Angles. Beautiful city, old abode houses and roof covered with tar or asphalt.  A kind of tar that boils out of the ground.  The sidewalks of the same, when sun shines out the tar melts and falls on your head and you sink in the sidewalks with your feet, by this time many of us was barefooted and bareheaded, I among the rest.  We was discharged in Los Angles in the spring of 1847.  We got 10 dollars apiece, an honorable discharge and as many “ graybacks” as we could carry away from the City of Angles.  We had 500 miles to walk on 10 dollars and our own good looks.  So much for Uncle Sam!  We got back to San Jose at last.  We were naked and no money nor nothing to do.  So we went to the mountains and killed deer to make clothes of their skins and could soon boost of as good clothes as anybody.  I learned to dry skins and cut and make my own clothes from an old trapper and after that asked no odds of no one.  In the summer of 1847 I took a rancho on shares of an old Don Juan Pablo Bernal.  He gave me half the increase of his cattle for five years, 5000 head and about 300 head of horse on the same day I took possession and was doing well when the gold was discovered in June 1848.  Then I threw up the rancho, cattle, horse and all and went to the mines. The excitement about the gold was intense men, women, and children flocked to the gold fields.  There was a chance to study human nature.  I have seen women, modest bashful woman, in the midst of hundreds of naked Indians selling them all kinds of clothing, naked as the hour they were born. Men running around wild, some crying and others cursing. Many a one went completely crazy and are now in the insane asylum if not did all about this almighty gold.  I was one of a party of 7 that prospected from the American River to Kern a distance of 300 miles. Never worked two days in a place.  I have taken out in an hour as high as 800 and 1000 dollars.  We had to work with our rifles in our hand and had many a fight with Indians many a one got his pass from us to the happy hunting grounds had to do it to keep our scalps from crying in their lodges.  Late in the fall of 1848 we all came back to San Jose to “winter”, to have a good time with the senoritas and with our friends of the plains.  I had about 40,000 dollars in gold, when I got there.  John about 30,000, York about the same and in the spring of 1849 I had just 16 dollars left.  Then we all left for the A La Mariposa the furthest south that gold had been discover.  We got in a fight with the Indians and sent allot on their road to join their brothers of 1848. But they were to numerous for us so we had to leave. I then went in the cattle business in the fall of 1849.  Done well driving to the mines for two or three years .  Sold out my part of the rancho and cattle for 45,000 dollars .  Kept my horse, came to San Jose.  Brought a lot of land for 5,000 dollars and went back to San Joaquin again and went to driving cattle and I came back my land was all squatted on and is in law yet.  So much for that!  Then I was married in the fall of 1852.  Went into the milling and cabinet with York, done well for a few years till they shipped so much from the East  that we could not compete with them and our machinery that had cost about 15,000 dollars wasn’t worth a cent in 1854. I went to British Columbia to the mines and was badly sold.  I went at the cattle business again, done well till the dry season of 1864.  Lost all my stock both cattle and horse all died of starvation together. In 1864 I was accused of treason, murder and all sorts of crimes and lodged in prison.  Could not get a trail, spent over 10,000 dollars in lawyers fees and was turned out at last without a trail at all. There was no redress only that I made my accuser come before the public and state under oath that every word of his testimony or acquisition was a muse and damnable lie, he has since served a term of two years in the state prison, that about broke me up.  I had to sell a valuable piece of property for a song , 5,000 dollars to pay up the balance of my lawyer’s fee.  I then went to the state of Nevada to White Pine prospecting struck a load of silver ore that is very rich, got out a lot of ore but could not get it worked and there it lays worth millions and may have to lay a long time before it ever does much good.  That was last time I ever saw John, he left there for Prescott Arizona that was in 1869 over 7 years ago. I think he is dead, as the Indians were very bad and he has not been heard from since.  Maybe not, he is a strong mortal, never writes until drove to it. The fact is John drank a great deal and could not stand it always, for it got poor Bill York, he died with his boots on, as the saying is here in California . Poor Bill, he was a noble fellow God rest his bones. I have tried farming but it is an uncertain business here. I took a trip to the Black Hills they are as big is humbug is ever thought up.  There is some gold there, but not enough to pay.  It is a splendid grazing country for stock in the summer time but in the winter they mostly have to be moved away. The Indians is playing the devil with the poor miners and will have to be cleaned out eventually.  Nevada, Utah, and Idaho are all good grazing country but badly over stocked.  The L.P.R.R. own half of all the land that is worth anything .  For two thirds of the state of Nevada is not good for anything but for raising lizards and rattlesnakes and grasshoppers. Outside of a few places and the mines.  It is not worth a curse.  California is overrun with Chinese men they swarm over the state and take the work all away from the white labors.  There is much suffering here among the working classes.  But John Chinaman must look out for the people as getting desperate and if Congress won’t help remove the evil they will do it themselves.  They is organizing now all over the state to protect themselves as best they can and if it comes to force God pity the pigtailed and mooneyed Chinaman.  I have been dabbling in mining lately mostly in quicksilver mines.  One of the ledge prospects will and we hope to make something out of it in fact we have been offered 60,000 but the rest of the company won’t sell as I wanted them to do and who is right remains to be seen the other ledge is silver and prospects middling well so far, mining is a very uncertain.  For quartz mining it requires a great deal of capital to purchase machinery and materials.  Then after all your outlay your vein or ledge may run out and leave you stifled or worst in debt. Stock raising is the best business in California if you can find range but it requires a great deal of range here to keep stock.  Probably 4 times as much as it does in the Atlantic states owing to the long dry seasons. I am or will be the 29 day of next July just 50 years old and I have had more exposures and rough times in wet and cold, standing guard nights, hunting Indians , and such.  Like as but few men has had I am generally healthy and stout but of no account to do work for my bones is stiff and sore with rheumatism and I have had bad luck with my family.  In the last years I have lost  two by death William my oldest boy died last February and his sister Elley in May of the same year.  They both caught cold and settled on their lungs and went off in a few weeks.  Willy was 20 and Elley 14 or near that when they died.

 I am now all alone on the Pacific coast no one that I ever see from any of the Atlantic states. All of my wives folks has gone to Los Angles to live and as the Spaniards say I am “solo mento”, all alone.  I just got a metal badge from the Government as a veteran of the Mexican War.  This badge is supposed to entitle me a free ride to the Continental Exhibition in Philadelphia and likewise a pension  but Uncle Sam is very slow to act in the interest of his people and it may be deferred for some other time.  Whenever I get very lonesome I take my horse and gun and go to the mountains.  There I always know sport and exercise but game is getting scarcer every year only a few deer and bear now, to what there was but I guess I shall always find what I want while I can see to shoot.  I have been a great hunter and always took and do now great deal of it.  And am generally successful. But you as tried now ha ha and I will let up on you as I think this will do for one Sunday afternoon if you can read it you will do well for I am not particular about my writing and spelling.

This leaves us all well here.


Give my love to all, and write soon.



To William Cross



                              Yours Ever,      George Cross




From John Willson Laird: His Life and Legacy

John Willson Laird: His Life and Legacy, was written in the 1993-94 school year by students at Salida Middle School, Bill Coate's sixth grade class (Salida, California).

"Uncle Johnny Laird" was born in 1806, in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. At the age of 40, he joined the westward migration of easterners traveling to California. Little did he know at the time that he would participate in the gold discovery that brought thousands to California three years later.

Laird and his family left St. Joseph, Missouri, on May 3, 1846, and arrived at Sutter's Fort five months later on October 10. Upon his arrival in California, Laird left his family at the fort and joined John C. Fremont's California Battalion.

After the conquest of California and upon his discharge from the army on February 15, 1847, Laird made his way back to Sutter's fort where he was reunited with his family. He operated a ferry for awhile and then went to work for Captain John Sutter.

In January, 1848, Laird accompanied James Marshall, John Pyle, Elijah Wimmer, and George Cross to build a sawmill near Coloma. He helped dig the new millrace that eventually resulted in the discovery of gold on January 24, 1848. News of this find could not be contained, and within a few months Marshall's name was indelibly stamped on the pages of history, much to the dismay of John Willson Laird.

For the rest of his life, Laird steadfastly maintained that Marshall's account of the gold discovery was untrue. According to Laird it was little Peter Wimmer who really found the first nugget and gave it to Marshall. The Laird account of the discovery of gold was never accepted by historians, but that didn't stop "Uncle Johnny" from repeating it.

Although the real story of the discovery of gold in California was just one of the legacies of John Willson Laird, it remains central to his story as told in this book.


From Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World. 1888

   George Cross.  No history of Santa Clara County could be well written without more than a passing mention of this well-known pioneer.  He was one of those hardy and adventurous men who made up the exploring party under Captain Fremont, and who, after braving the dangers and hardships of plains, deserts, and mountains, reached the then Mexican Province of California in 1846.  The war with Mexico having commenced while Captain Fremont and his command were yet in the mountains, the Captain was ready, upon his arrival, to lead the Americans already here to the conquest of this sunny land.  His own gallant band became the nucleus of the force that soon drove the last armed Mexican from the soil, and thus paved the way for the hosts that followed and peopled this State.  In these historical events, Mr. Cross was an active particpator.

    A brief review of the history of his life gives the following facts: He was born near Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence County, New York, July 29, 1825.  His parents were John and Ann Frances (McFarland) Cross, natives of Scotland.  His father removed to Dane County, Wisconsin, in 1842, where he lived until his death, which occurred in 1882, at the advanced age of ninety-six years.  George was reared as a farmer, receiving such an education as the county schools afforded.  At the age of seventeen years, he was apprenticed to Milton Colwell, a blacksmith of Rochester, Wisconsin.  In the spring of 1845 he left Wisconsin for the West, going overland to Santa Fe, New Mexico, in the employ of Kit Carson, and returning to Fort Independence in the same year.  There he remained until in the spring of 1846, he enlisted in the United States service, and was attached to Captain Fremont's exploring expedition, which was bound for Oregon.  He came overland in this command, which was afterward ordered into California, and reached Sonoma County.  He went with his command to Monterey and Los Angeles, where he received an honorable discharge from the service in 1847.

    After his discharge he located in what is now Alameda County, near Livermore, and there engaged extensively in stock-raising on shares for Horn Pablo Barnell, with quite successful results.  In 1848 Mr. Cross was engaged with Mr. Marshall and one other man in building Sutter's Mill, and digging the historical mill-race in which gold was afterwards discovered.  After completing the mill, he went to Sutter's Fort, and was there when Mr. Marshall brought the samples of gold taken from the mill-race to General Sutter.  This gold was discovered by a young lad, who he thinks was a step-son of Mr. Marshall.  No one at the fort was able to test the gold properly, and the sample was sent to Dr. Benjamin Cory at San Jose, who in turn submitted the same to Thomas O. Larkin, formerly American Consul at Monterey.  Mr. Larkin pronounced the find to be gold, and the excitement which followed was intense, causing Mr. Cross, with many others, to abandon his stock-raising and seek the gold-fields.

    He remained there for some months in the mines and during that time procured no less than 200 pounds of gold!  In the fall of 1848 he came to Santa Clara County, remaining until the next spring, when he located in the San Joaquin Valley and again engaged in stock-raising.  After a residence of three years in that locality, he returned to Santa Clara County and located at McCarthysville (now Saratoga), on Campbell's Creek.  Here he built one of the first saw-mills in the county.  He also owned a large tract of land, including the famous Congress Springs.  Mr. Cross remained at this place, conducting his various enterprises, until 1863, when he sold out to a San Francisco company.  He then rented a farm of 400 acres on what was known as the Palo Ranch, owned by Charles White, and engaged in raising grain for about four years.  He then purchased, in 1867, the land which he now occupies.

(Karen's note: I believe that this is really the Pala Ranch.  Reference:  Land grants: Pala, one square league, to Ellen White et al., widow and heirs of Charles White. )

    This property is located on the Milpitas and Berryessa road, in the Berryessa District, about five and a half miles northeast of San Jose.  It contains twenty acres, fifteen acres of which is devoted to orchard culture, there being 700 prune trees, 480 apricot trees, 125 pear trees, 75 cherry trees, and a few trees each of apples, figs, and crab-apples.  The remaining five acres is devoted to vineyard, producing grapes of the White Muscat and Rose of Peru varieties.  Mr. Cross has, in the past three or four years, grafted French prunes on his apricot roots, and has succeeded in getting these grafts into bearing in the second year of their growth.  His apricot trees have for the past eight years yielded each year an average of $150 per acre.

    On the seventeenth of August, 1852, the subject of this sketch was united in marriage with Miss Lavinia Freer, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Swords) Freer, residents of Missouri.  They have had thirteen children, ten of whom are living.  Their names are: John, residing in Nevada; Thomas, living on the old homestead; Charles, living in Oregon; James and George, who are at home; Elizabeth, the wife of Frank Simmons, residing at San Jose; Edith, Ida, Daisy and Fannie, who are members of their father's household.  Their daughter, Mary Ann (now deceased), married Royal Leavenworth, of San Jose.  She left one child, Lorena Leavenworth, who lives with her grandparents.

    Mr. Cross is a member of the San Jose Lodge, No. 23, of the United Druids.  He is politically identified with the Democratic party, and has held the position of Roadmaster for his district for fifteen years.  Naturally, he is deeply interested in all the public affairs of the county and State in which he has so long made his home, and in which he has so many friends and acquaintenances.

    There is also a portrait (sketch) of George Cross on page 537 of this book. 


Oakland Enquirer May 25, 1905

Says that a little boy and not Marshall found the nugget of gold in the tail race of Sutter Mill

George Cross, pioneer of '46 was present

   George Cross, a pioneer of the year '47, and the only man now living who was present at the actual discovery of gold in California, is a resident of this city and, from his account, there has been a repetition of the old story of Jacob receiving the blessing from Isaac, intended for Esau, in the case of Marshall, to whom historian Bancroft has given the distinction of being the discoverer of the yellow metal in this state.  Mr. Cross tells a very interesting story concerning the events leading up to the finding of the Gold. 

   Almost 60 years ago, George Cross, then a young man of 20, possessed of a roving disposition and a desire to see the California of which he had read glowing descriptions printed in pamphlet form by a man named Hastings, in a company with a band of like rovers numbering about 70, left his native state of Wisconsin, then still a territory, and began the long and tedious journey across the plains.  The 16th of September, 1845, marked the date of departure, and following the old Santa Fe trails, they found themselves in the late spring of 1846, in St. Joe, Missouri.  From there, they took up the journey anew, protecting themselves as best they could against the attacks of the Indians, who proved very hostile.  Guard was necessary night and day, and after meeting and overcoming other obstacles of travel as it was in those days, those who finished the journey pitched their tents on the 18th of October, 1846, at what is now the region of San Jose. 

   It was not long after this that several of their number, Mr. Cross included, left for Fort Sutter, and were soon at work cutting wheat on the farm of Captain Sutter.  In the latter part of the summer of 1847, of body of five men composed of Marshall, John Lard, John Pyle, Wimer and George Cross, were sent by the captain to Coloma for lumber and a mill was built on the stream, a branch of the American River.  A hitch in the construction of the mill prevented the water from running off, and it was in this low stream that the young 10 year-old son of Wimer and his wife, who was cooking for the man, was paddling and playing when he picked up what after words proved to be the first gold nugget found in California, and brought it to his mother at camp, where all were seated about the table.  Mrs. Wimer passed it to Cross, and he in turn passed it around.  Marshall examined it and having an idea it was gold at once saddled his horse for Fort Sutter.  Captain Sutter then sent the specimen to Mr. Ben Curry at San Jose, late from Oregon, and from there it was sent to the American consul, Thomas O. Larkin, at Monterey, who pronounced it gold.  It was then coined at the mint and there its value was placed at what now would be about ten dollars.  This was in Feb. 1848. 

   Thus does George Cross claim that the distinction belonging to the youngster Wimer was conferred upon the one who was but the fourth to handle the initial nugget. 

   Mr. Cross tells of having met Historian Bancroft through the well-known Captain William Swasey, the Secretary of Thomas O. Larkin, and of correcting the historian on what he terms a " garbled mess of lies, " insofar as Bancroft calls the first settlers a band of ruffians.  This, Cross states, was not the case, as many of the boys and young men were of the best families of Wisconsin, But with that restless disposition that craves discovery and exploration. 

   A very interesting man is George Cross and many are the stories of adventure he relates of the days of long ago.  Mr. Cross resides at 2044 18th Street.

(Photo with caption "George Cross, Sole Survivor present at the Discovery of Gold at Sutter's Mill")



George's obit-San Jose Mercury March 24, 1910

Bear Flag Pioneer is dead at the Infirmary

George Cross, the resided in this county more than 60 years. 

Came to California in 1846 with Captain Fremont's Explorers. 


  George Cross, one of the earliest settlers of the state of California and a resident of Santa Clara County for more than 60 years died Tuesday at the County Infirmary

at the age of nearly 85 years of the infirmities due to visit advanced age.

  Mr. Cross was born near Ogdensburg, New York, July 29, 1825.  Well he was a boy eight, where he remained until 1845, 20 entered the employ of kit Carson, famous doubt, and went with him to Santa Fe, New Mexico, returning to Fort Independence the same year.

  In the spring of 1846 he enlisted in the United States service it was attached to Fremont's exploring expedition which was bound for Oregon, but which was afterward ordered to California and reached Sonoma County before Commodore Sloat's occupation of Monterey, and assisted in raising the "bear flag".

  Mr. Cross was honorably discharged from the Army and 1847. In 1848 he worked with Marshall and one other man in building Sutter's Mill and the mill race in which the first discovery of gold was made. 

  He spent the fall and winter of 1848 in the Santa Clara Valley, but did not settle here until about 1851, when the acquired a large tract of land above Saratoga, including the now famous Congress Springs property, where he built and operated   one of the first saw mills in the county. 

  He disposed of this property in 1862 and for a number of years farmed extensively on rented land. 

  In 1867 he engaged in fruit raising on a 20 acre tract near Berryessa and for many years was quite prosperous. 

  In his later life he met with business reverses and died practically penniless. 

  He was a man who stood well with his neighbors and was highly regarded by the community at large. 

  Two or more children survive him, but their whereabouts are unknown to the closest friends of the deceased. 


In the Mercury dated March 26, 1910

Cross-In San Jose, March 21, 1910, George Cross, beloved father of Mrs. Fanny Thaten, Mrs Lizzie Pierson, Thomas and Richard C. Cross, a native of New York, aged 83 years, 8 months and 17 days. Friends and members of the Society of Pioneers are invited to attend the funeral today (Saturday), March 26, at 10 o'clock from the Mortuary Chapel of W.L. Woodrow, corner of Second and San Carlos streets. Services under the auspices of the Society of Pioneers of Santa Clara County. Interment prvte


Saratoga News

Peaceful Place

Tranquil Madronia seems more like a park than a cemetery

By Mary Ann Cook

Another environmentalist buried in Madronia is August T. Dowd, credited with discovering the Calaveras Big Trees. Other illustrious forebears housed here are local hero Septimus Riley Moutrey, one of the Donner Party rescuers; G.W. McGrew, Saratoga's first poet; and George Cross, a Saratoga community leader



Burial: Madronia Cemetery, Saratoga, Santa Clara County, California

Census: 1880, San Jose, California

Fact 1: 1865, John S. Baggerly  Bought land from George (Source: Los Gatos Weekly-Times, Big money, always alert, saw possibilities of duplicating the world-famous New York spa. Darius Ogden Mills, the West's outstanding banker, and Alvina Hayward (oh, what's become of all those interesting first names?), a San Francisco mining tycoon, formed a corporation and purchased 720 acres of Congress Springs from George Cross, a Saratoga pioneer, for $2,000 in 1865. .)

Fact 2: 1864, Involved in the Bullion Bend Robbery

Military Record: October 14, 1846, Private in Hastings Co. Fremont's Battalion California Vols (Source: (1) George's Survivors pension., (2) Military Roster-see photo of original.)

Residence: 1870, (laborer) dwelling 383 seventh, San Jose (Source: 1870 San Jose City directory.)




1860 census

State:  California    

County:  SANTA CLARA    

Locale:  REDWOOD TWP    

Series:  M653    

Roll:  65    

Part:  1    

Page:  447 

Geo. Cross...age 34...M...Sawmill...Value of per estate 8000...B NY

Lavina Cross...age 25...F...B Indiana

Mary Cross...age 7...B Cal

William Cross...age 5...M...B Cal

John Cross...age 3...M...B Cal

Thomas Cross...age 1...M...B Cal

William York...age 38...M...Sawmill...B New York

John Cross...age 40...M...Day laborer...B New York


1870 U.S. Census • California • Santa Clara • San Jose

Cross, George, age 44, famer B. Scotland

" Lavina, age 25, keeps house, B. Indiana

"Mary A., age 17, B California

" William, age 15, B Cali

" John, age 13, B Cali

" Thomas, age 11.B Cali

" Ellen, age 9, B. Cali

" Elizabeth, age 7, B cali

" Charles, age 5, B Cali

" Jane, age .2, B Cali (James)

They were living next to Lavina's brother William Freer



1880 census

George CROSS   Self   M   Male   W   53   SCOT   Farmer   SCOT   SCOT 

 Cavina CROSS   Wife   M   Female   W   45   IN   Keeping House   OH   OH 

 John F. CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   23   CA   Works On Farm   SCOT   IN 

 Thomas CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   21   CA   Works On Farm   SCOT   IN 

 Elizabeth CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   18   CA   At Home   SCOT   IN 

 Charles CROSS1   Son   S   Male   W   14   CA   At School   SCOT   IN 

 James CROSS2   Son   S   Male   W   12   CA   At School   SCOT   IN 

 Eda CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   10   CA   At School   SCOT   IN 

 Ida CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   7   CA      SCOT   IN 

 Daisy CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   5   CA      SCOT   IN 

 Wallace CLENDENNING   Other   S   Male   W   48   KY   Ex-Deputy Assessor   KY   KY 



Source Information:

  Census Place San Jose, Santa Clara, California

  Family History Library Film   1254081

  NA Film Number   T9-0081

  Page Number   152A


From Guest register of Santa Clara County 1894:

Cross, George  age: 65   Height: 5' 9 1/4 "   complexion: Light   Eyes: Blue   Hair: Grey     Orchardist

Country of Nativity: Scotland   Residence: Berryessa (San Jose)



Possible family members:

From the San Francisco Call Newspaper: Vital Records for 1875-1888 page 3of9

Cross, Elizabeth J. ... married in 1884 to Simonds, Frank S. ... 1884M-983 (This is George's daughter)

Cross, Ellen ... died in 1875 ... age 14 ... 1875D-653 (This is George's daughter)

Cross, Addie... married in 1882 to Getchell, Frederick...1882M-865

Cross, Alexander... died in 1877... age -- ... 1877D-747

Cross, Alice... married in to Pullen, Samuel J. ...1878M-744

Cross, Alice M. ... married in 1877 to Rule, Fred K. ... 1877M-329

Cross, Amy... married in 1875 to Foster, Percy ... 1875M--476

Cross, Catherine E. ... died in 1876 ... age 30 ... 1876D-757

Cross, David ... died in 1880 ... age 5 ... 1880D-903

Cross, Ellen Martha ... married in 1879 to Logan, John Moor ... 1879M-667

Cross, Isaac ... died in 1883 ... age 76 ... 1883D-991

Cross, Jas. ... died in 1880 ... age 79 ... 1880D-904

Cross, Jennie N. ... married in 1878 to Buck, Silas M. ... 1878M-745

Cross, Joshua A. ... died in 1880 ... age 81 ... 1880D-905

Cross, Lizzie ... married in 1877 to Palmer, James ... 1877-330

Cross, Mary A. ... died in 1883 ... age 73 ... 1883D-992

Cross, Mary Anne Lang ... died in 1875 ... age 56 ... 1875D-654

Cross, Robert ... died in 1884 ... age 57 ... 1884D-1012

Cross, Rufus S. ... married in 1882 to Edgoose, Julia ... 1882M-866

Cross, Shella ... married in 1880 to Berry, Robert ... 1880M-845

Cross, Thaddeus ... died in 1879 ... age 16 ... 1879D-943

Cross, Thomas ... died in 1882 ... age 42 ... 1882D-943

Cross, Thomas...died in 1882 ... age--... 1882D-944

Cross, Thomas ... married in 1883 to McIntosh, Elizabeth ... 1883M-923

Cross, William ... died in 1875 ... age 18 ... 1875D-655

Cross, William ... died in 1879 ... age 46 ... 1879D-753

Cross, dau. of B.F. ... born in 1884 ... 1884B-618

Cross, dau. of J.H. ... born in 1879 ... 1879B-543

Cross, son of A. Jay ... born in 1879 ... 1879B-544

Cross, son of A. Jay ... born in 1880 ... 1880B-611

Cross, son of A.J. ... born in 1879 ... 1879B-545

Cross, son of J.H. ... born in 1881 ... 1881B-642

Cross, son of Thomas ... born in 1880 ... 1880B-612

Cross, son of Wm. ... born in 1881 ... 1881B-643 




Marriage: August 17, 1852, San Jose, Santa Clara County, Californias (Source: (1) Georges marriage record, I hereby certify that in the above county on the 17th day of August A.D. 1852, I united in marriage George Cross with Lavina Freer. Having first asked the above parties if it was their intention and desire to contract marriage unto each other, and the consent of the surviving parent, the mother of the bride, having first been given, she the bride being under the age of consent. The above parties signified their intention to be so united, and promised to assume the obligations and discharge the duties of wedlock. Signed the J.P., (2) Santa Clara County, California, Early Settlers Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World.)


Children of GEORGE CROSS and LAVINA FREER are:

                   i.       CLARA4 CROSS (Source: Susan Tench.), d. Bef. 1910.


Notes for CLARA CROSS:

This child has to be one of the others middle names, unless born after 1888


21.             ii.       MOLLIE A. CROSS, b. 1853, California; d. 1872.

                 iii.       WILLIAM CROSS (Source: (1) 1870 census., (2) 1860 census, age 5.), b. 1855, San Jose, California (Source: Census.); d. February 1875, San Jose, California.



From the San Francisco Call Newspaper: Vital Records for 1875-1888 page 3of9

Cross, William...died 1875...age 18 ... 1875D-655


                 iv.       JOHN F. CROSS (Source: (1) 1870 census., (2) 1860 census, age 3., (3) 1880 census, age 23.), b. 1857 (Source: Census.); d. Bef. 1903, California (Source: Daisy's obit, Not listed as a survivor.).


Notes for JOHN F. CROSS:

living with his father and mother in the 1880 census


can not find in California, Nevada, Oregon in 1900


In 1888 he was living in Nevada




More About JOHN F. CROSS:

Residence: Nevada (Source: Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World.)


22.            v.       THOMAS W CROSS, b. 1859; d. May 20, 1932, Monterey County, California.

                 vi.       ELLEN CROSS (Source: 1870 census, age 9.), b. 1861 (Source: Census.); d. May 1875, San Jose, California.


Notes for ELLEN CROSS:

From the San Francisco Call Newspaper: Vital Records for 1875-1888 page 3of9

Cross, Ellen ... died in 1875...age 14...1875D-653


23.          vii.       ELIZABETH J. CROSS, b. August 1863, Califonia; d. Bet. 1888 - 1940.

               viii.       RICHARD C. CROSS (Source: Father's obit.), b. 1865 (Source: Census.); d. November 06, 1945, Yuba, California.



with his parents in the 1880 census


This must be Richard C. Cross because in Daisy's obit it says her brothers Thomas and Charles are still alive and 7 years later in George's obit it says his sons Thomas and Richard C. is alive. This would explain why "Richard" is not mentioned in George's bioRichard is listed as a son of George in his father's obit in 1910


1910 census

State:  California    

County:  YUBA    

Locale:  3-WD MARYSVILLE    

Series:  T624    

Roll:  111    

Part:  2    

Page:  230A    

Cross, Richard-lodger-m-w-47-single-born California FB New York-MB New York-laborer


1920 U.S. Census • California • Nevada • Rough And Ready • ED# 67

In Jesse Sanford's family's household

Cross, Richard-hired man-m-w-56-single-born California-FB New York-MB Indiana-Herder on Stock Farm

**Point of interest-in the same county as an inmate in hospital in Nevada, Nevada County is a Margaret Cross who is 48 born in California and is white


In 1930 census  1930 U.S. Federal Census > California > Yuba > Marysville

Cross, Richard-head-m-w-68-born California-FB NY-MB Indiana

living with nurse and 5 lodgers


Surname Given Name Middle Name Sex Birth Date Death Date Birth Place Death

Place Social Security # Mother's Maiden Name Father's Surname





Marysville Appeal Democrat newspaper - Nov. 8, 1945, page 12


Graveside rites were held this morning at Sierra View Memorial Park for Richard Cross who died in a local hospital Monday after an extended illness. He was 86 years old, a native of California, and had lived in this community for 35 years. There are no known relatives. Hutchison & Merz were the funeral directors.




Residence: Oregon (Source: Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World.)


                 ix.       JAMES CROSS (Source: (1) Santa Clara County, California, Early Settlers Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World., (2) 1880 census, age 12.), b. Abt. 1868 (Source: Census.); d. Bet. 1888 - 1910.


Notes for JAMES CROSS:

In the 1870 census there is a Jane who is 2, I believe that this is James and the census taker did not understand the name given because James is not in the 1870 census


1890 Great Register Santa Clara County California

#2417 Cross, James age 22 born California, farmer, Resident Berryessa, registered Aug 1, 1890

# 2419 Cross, Aaron, age 75, born England, Minister, Berryessa, By naturalization of father, reg. Sept 23, 1890 (this one confuses me...who is Aaron)


Not in the 1920 census


Not found in 1910 cali census


                  x.       EDITH CROSS (Source: 1880 census, age 10.), b. 1870 (Source: Census.); d. Bet. 1888 - 1910.


Notes for EDITH CROSS:

listed with parents in the 1880 census father calls her Edith in 1888


Is this her?

"Chapter XXVIII: California". In History of Woman Suffrage, vol. 4: 1883-1900 (Privately published, Rochester, NY, 1902) 1144 pp.

It would be impossible to give even the names of all who assisted in this long and arduous campaign. The work was far-reaching, and many were modest home-keepers who gave effective service in their own immediate neighborhood.[Note 1]


[page 500, note 1] 1. In addition to men and women already mentioned the following is a partial list of those who aided in various ways: Annie B. Andrews, Alice Armor, Prof. W. C. and Sarah A. Bowman, Mary M. Bowman, Mrs. (Dr.) B. W. Beacher, Mary E. Benson, Mary E. Bucknell, Alice E. Broadwell, Rollo K. Bryan, James G. Clark, Mary L. Crawford, Lucy E. Cook, Mary Lynde Craig, Pauline Curram, Gen. A. B. Campbell, Edith Cross, Adelaide Comstock, Prof. G. A. Dobinson, the Hon. C. H. Dillon, Florence Dunham, Virginia W. Davis, Sallie Markham Davis, Ella H. Enderline, Katheryne Phillips Edson, Dr. and Mrs. Eli Fay, Ada C. Ferriss, Mary E. Fisher, Miss M. M. Fette, Kate Tupper Galpin, Mary E. Garbutt, Prof. Burt Estees Howard, Emma Hardacre, Mary I. Hutchinson, Rachel Handby, Mrs. C. E. Haines, Georgia Hodgeman, Judge and Mrs. Ivan, Mrs. Mary E. and Miss Kinney, Mrs. E. A. and Miss Lawrence, Alice Beach McComas, Ben S. May, Susie Munn, Mattie Day Murphy, Dr. Mary Nixon, Mrs. C. W. Parker, Delia C. Percival, Ursula M. Poats, Mary Rankin, Rachel Reid, Aglea Rothery, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. B. Randolph, Caroline M. Severance, Mrs. Fred Smith, Dora G. Smith, Drusilla E. Steele, Annie B. Smith, Gabrella Stickney, Mrs. A. Tichenor, Mrs. R. H. F. Variel, Dr. Theoda Wilkins, Mrs. (Dr.) Wills, Fanny Wills, Attorney Sarah Wild, Judge Waldo York, Jessie York.


***It is intersting that there are 2 York's  listed as well, are these Bill York's kids?


                 xi.    IDA CROSS (Source: (1) Santa Clara County, California, Early Settlers Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World., (2) 1880 census, age 7.), b. 1873 (Source: Census.).


Notes for IDA CROSS:

in the 1880 census with her parents


Diane Owens remembers a story that her mother Zilpha saw Ida walking in the streets and went to her house. Zilpha saw that Ida was in a poor state and tried to help her. She finally called a nephew of Ada's who worked for a photographer in California who got the family involved. Diane believes this was in Bakersfield or Oakland. She thought probably Bakersfield.




24.           xii.       DAISY M. CROSS, b. January 1875, California; d. 1903.

25.          xiii.       FANNIE FRANCES CROSS, b. March 27, 1877, California; d. September 02, 1948, Alameda County, California.

               xiv.       GEORGE CROSS (Source: Santa Clara County, California, Early Settlers Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World.), b. Aft. 1880; d. Bef. 1910.



this is a child talked about in his bio

George says that he had 12 children-10 still living, but only nine were alive as he had lost Mary Ann, Ellen and William by 1888 when this was is possible that Mary Ann died right around that time. He mentions son george being at home as was James...but in the census records from 1860-1880 there are no George Cross's listed as his children. George must have been born right around 1880


In vital records there was no possible george who died in 1905-1929 that could be this child-there are no poss George's died between 1940 and 1997


Death record search for 1930-1939

None possible if George was born in 1880 or after


Can this be our George Cross's marriage?

Santa Clara County California, Marriage records

900713         07/18/1909         CROSS, GEORGE RUSSELL          HALL, GLADYS WILLMIT 



9.  JAMES3 CROSS (GEORGE2, JAMES1) was born January 20, 1826 in Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.  He married JESSIE.  She was born Abt. 1830 in Scotland.


Notes for JAMES CROSS:

1860 U.S. Census • New York • St. Lawrence • Louisville

James Cross-32-m-Farmer-Scotland

Jessie Cross-25-f-Canada

Christina Cross-4-f-New York

Alexander Cross-2-m-New York

Elizabeth Cross-1/12 f-New York


1880 census

Census Place Louisville, St. Lawrence, New York

  Family History Library Film   1254925

  NA Film Number   T9-0925

  Page Number   363A 


James CROSS   Self   M   Male   W   50   SCOT   Farmer   SCOT   SCOT 

 Jessie CROSS   Wife   M   Female   W   48   SCOT   Keeping House   SCOT   SCOT 

 Alexander CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   22   NY   At Home   SCOT   SCOT 

 Thomas CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   17   NY   At Home   SCOT   SCOT 

 Allen CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   14   NY   At Home   SCOT   SCOT 

 Jessie CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   11   NY   At Home   SCOT   SCOT 

 Nellie CROSS   Dau   S   Female   W   9   NY      SCOT   SCOT 

 James CROSS   Son   S   Male   W   7   NY      SCOT   SCOT 



Children of JAMES CROSS and JESSIE are:

                   i.       CHRISTINA4 CROSS, b. Abt. 1855, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                  ii.       ALEXANDER CROSS, b. Abt. 1858, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 iii.       ELIZABETH CROSS, b. June 1860, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 iv.       THOMAS CROSS, b. Abt. 1863, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                  v.       ALLEN CROSS, b. Abt. 1865, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 vi.       JESSIE CROSS, b. Abt. 1869, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                vii.       NELLIE CROSS, b. Abt. 1871, Louisville, St. Lawrence County, New York.

               viii.       JAMES CROSS, b. Abt. 1873, Louisville, St. Lawrence County, New York.



10.  WILLIAM CRYLE3 CROSS (GEORGE2, JAMES1) was born February 27, 1830 in Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.  He married FLORA.  She was born Abt. 1831 in Scotland.



1860 U.S. Census • New York • St. Lawrence • Louisville

William Cross-30-male-Farmer-Scotland

Flora Cross-28-female-Scotland

George Cross-4-male-New York

Flora Cross-female-1-New York


1880 census

Louisville, St. Lawrence County, New York

Source Information:

  Census Place Louisville, St. Lawrence, New York

  Family History Library Film   1254925

  NA Film Number   T9-0925

  Page Number   363A

 William CRASS   Self   M   Male   W   50   SCOT   Farmer   SCOT   SCOT 

 Florra CRASS   Wife   M   Female   W   49   SCOT   Keeping House   SCOT   SCOT 

 George CRASS   Son   M   Male   W   24   NY   At Home   SCOT   SCOT 

 Florra CRASS   Dau   S   Female   W   20   NY   At Home   SCOT   SCOT 

 Elizebeth CRASS   Dau   S   Female   W   18   NY   Teaching School   SCOT   SCOT 

 Christena CRASS   DauL   M   Female   W   24   NY   At Home   SCOT   CAN 


Children of WILLIAM CROSS and FLORA are:

                   i.       GEORGE4 CROSS, b. Abt. 1856, St. Lawrence County, New York; m. CHRISTINA; b. New York.

                  ii.       FLORA CROSS, b. Abt. 1860, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 iii.       ELIZABETH CROSS, b. Abt. 1862, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 iv.       SARAH CROSS, b. Abt. 1869, St. Lawrence County, New York.



11.  GEORGE3 CROSS (GEORGE2, JAMES1) was born May 27, 1837 in Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.  He married ISABELLA.  She was born Abt. 1849 in New York.



1880 census

Census Place Louisville, St. Lawrence, New York

  Family History Library Film   1254925

  NA Film Number   T9-0925

  Page Number   363A

George CRASS   Self   M   Male   W   43   SCOT   Farmer   SCOT   SCOT 

 Isabel CRASS   Wife   M   Female   W   30   NY   Keeping House   SCOT   SCOT 

 George CRASS   Son   S   Male   W   14   NY   At Home   SCOT   NY 

 Ellen CRASS   Dau   S   Female   W   11   NY   At Home   SCOT   NY 

 James CRASS   Son   S   Male   W   10   NY      SCOT   NY 

 William CRASS   Son   S   Male   W   6   NY      SCOT   NY 

 B. Thomas CRASS   Son   S   Male   W   3   NY      SCOT   NY 

 Nathan ROSS   Other   S   Male   W   21   CAN   Servant   CAN   CAN 

 Kate BROWSE   Other   S   Female   W   21   NY   Servant   CAN   CAN 

 Thomas VALANA   Other   S   Male   W   16   NY   Servant   SCOT   SCOT 



Is this the right George?

The Standard, Cornwall, ON, March 13, 1912


[Included a photograph of Mr. Cross.]

On Tuesday, Feb. 27th, there passed away one of Aultsville's highly respected citizens, Mr. George Cross, in his 75th year. Mr. Cross was born in Greenock, Scotland, May 27th, 1837, and came to this country with his parents in the year 1838. They settled on Upper Longue Sault, or Baxter's Island, which is now called Croil's Island, N.Y., and there the deceased spent his boyhood days. His mother was a distant relative of Robert Burns, the poet. On Oct. 22nd, 1861, at the beginning of the civil war, he enlisted under Captain Levi Miller, of Louisville, N.Y., in Company K, 92nd Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry, and he was in active service for over three years. During this time he was in many famous battles, some of which were the battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 5-7, 1864, when 20,000 men were killed; battle of Spottsylvania, Va., May 11-19, 1864, 15,000 men killed, under command of General Grant; also the battle of Chancelersville [sic], Va., where 15,000 were killed, and the battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 10,000 killed, under command of General Hooker. Mr. Cross was wounded once, and contracted fever and ague while in the service. He was raised to the rank of corporal and was selected as one of the sharpshooters. At the close of the war, after receiving his honorable discharge, he returned home and decided to engage in farming, a vocation in which he was very succesful. In the year 1884 he moved his family to Canada and became a British subject by naturalization, June 13th, 1890. In 1895, he moved to the village of Aultsville, where he spent the remainder of his life.


Mr. Cross had not been feeling well for some time past, but was not taken seriously ill until January 6th, when all at once there seemed to come a general break-down to the system. He had the services of a trained nurse and the best medical skill during his illness, but all seemed in vain. He gradually grew weaker and at last yielded to the Higher Power that doeth all things well, and he fell into his last long sleep only to awake on the Glorious Resurrection morning. He was thoroughly prepared and dully [sic] resigned to leave this mortal realm.


The funeral on Thursday, Feb. 29th, from his late residence to the Presbyterian Church, was largely attended, the church being filled, as a silent tribute of esteem. The sermon was preached by the Rev. N. A. MacLeod, of the First Presbyterian Church, Brockville, who took for his text Deuteronomy 32, verse 29; "O, that they were wise, that they understood this, that would consider their latter end."


At the request of the deceased, a portion from one of the books from his study, entitled "The New Creation," was read by the Rev. N. A. MacLeod at the close of his sermon, which was a brief statement of the glorious hopes which animated his life. Rev. N. MacLaren, of Woodlands, assisted in the funeral service and recited a few verses, which expressed the kindly sentiments of the members of the Massena Post of the Grand Army of the Republic towards the deceased. The hymns for the occasion were carefully selected by the children. The selection entitled "Saved by Grace," sung by Messrs. C. S. Ault, A. F. Nash and John S. Morgan, was very solemn and suitable for the occasion. The G. A. burial service was conducted with the grand honors and in a very solemn and deeply impressive manner by a few of the deceased's old comrades and veterans of the civil war, of the Massena Post, of which the deceased was a member viz., Messrs. Amos Ormesberry, Massena, N.Y.; Benjamin Nichols and Orren Strait, Louisville Landing, N.Y.; Joseph Stubbs, Farran's Point, who also acted as pall-bearers, together with Messrs. I. B. Dafoe, Aultsville, and Wm. Vallance, Louisville Landing, N.Y.


The deceased leaves to mourn the loss of a kind husband and loving father, his wife, five sons, and two daughters - George Cross, jr., Detroit, Mich.; Mrs. A. R. Croil, Jackson, Mich.; Mrs. (Dr.) E. L. Brown, James Cross, W. B. Cross, Thorold Cross and John Cross, of Aultsville.


On the casket were three beautiful floral tributes - a wreath of white roses, lilies, and amilax, a crescent of white roses, lilies and hyacinths, and a cross of hyacinths. The casket was drapped with the flag of the Grand Army of the Republic (the Stars and Stripes.)


The remains were deposited in the vault at Morrisburg to await interment.




Children of GEORGE CROSS and ISABELLA are:

                   i.       GEORGE4 CROSS, b. Abt. 1866, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                  ii.       ELLEN CROSS, b. Abt. 1868, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 iii.       JAMES CROSS, b. April 1870, St. Lawrence County, New York.

                 iv.       WILLIAM CROSS, b. Abt. 1874.

                  v.    B. THOMAS CROSS, b. Abt. 1877.



Generation No. 4


12.  RALPH WALTER4 CROSS (WILLIAM3, JOHN2, JAMES1) (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.) was born January 24, 1865 in Dane County, Wisconsin (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.), and died May 17, 1940 in Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota (Source: (1) Death cert, CertID# 1940-MN-008384., (2) Obit., (3) Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.).  He married CORA NICHOLS (Source: Death cert.) 1886 in Fairmont, Minnesota? (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.), daughter of GEORGE NICHOLS and SARAH DECKER.  She was born September 08, 1869 in East Chain, Minnesota (Source: Cora's death certificate.), and died July 29, 1931 in Ventura County, California (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.).



He and Cora moved to Ventura, California in 1926 and remained there until soon after the death of Cora.

Wayne Hay remembers that around 1933 his grandmother, Annie Hay, and his great aunt, Ada Cross, went to Ventura and stayed about a month. 


Death CertID# 1940-MN-008384    



Pioneer Lived 47 Years In Log House Ralph Cross' Record Likely To Stand

  Today we nominate for top place in the list of those who have lived in log houses in Martin County Ralph Cross of Fairmont. Not only has Ralph lived in a log house here, but also in one of sod.

  Ralph was a year and a half old when  he came with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Cross, from Dane county, Wisconsin, by covered wagon in 1866.

  The first home was in a sod house on the present John G. Mitchell farm in section 19, Pleasant Prarie. Ralph's mother had been raised in the Wisconsin woods and did not like the prarie home, so persuaded her husband to buy the place a mile west in the Rose Lake timber, which is still in the Cross family. Here Mr. Cross built a log house, a picture of which appeared in the Sentinel yesterday.

  It was a good, honest structure of black walnut logs, cut on the place. The log house remained the Cross home until 1913, when it burned. Ralph was then living in it. We think, therefore, that Ralph qualifies for having lived in a log house in this county longer than any other person-forty-seven years.


  William Cross was something of an expert in log house architecture. He not only built his own home at Rose Lake in 1866 but assisted two of his neighbors. Orin Prentice and William Hoffman, in building theirs of fine, big logscut in the timber along the lakes. The Prentice place is now the August Thate farm and the Hoffman place is owned by W.J. and Chester Meyer.

  Ralph's sister, Mrs. Anna Hay of this city, comes near to sharing log house honors with him. She was born in the Rose Lake structure.

  Merely having lived in sod and log houses is not the only unique distinction Mr. Cross can claim. Now, in his 74th year, he is still wielding a trowel daily, plastering, laying brick or building foundations. He has spread more acres of plaster than one could compute. His craftsmanship endures in numberless Fairmont structures as well as others throughout the county.


  Ralph went a-plastering in the days when masons mixed their own wall covering from sand and slaked lime, putting in cattle and horse hair as a binder. He thinks the last plaster of this kind he used was in the residence of 318 Blue Earth avenue, which has just been converted to Gardner hospital.

  His biggest job was plastering the present courthouse. This took him and his crew all one winter. he was the only local contract on that building. look at the courthouse walls today and decide whether or not it was a good job.

  Ralph is also an old time fiddler of parts. Who of the old timers does not remember the long famous Cross String Band? That in itself is a subject for another story.

  When you attend the Historical Society Tour at truman Sunday, Aug. 29, you'll meet there this log cabin pioneer. Maybe he'll have the old fiddle along and scrape out a few tunes if someone asks him to. 



Had "Cross String Band" In Early Days- Noted As "Caller"

  Ralph Cross, a bricklayer, and mason in fairmont for many years and well known in the early days as a fiddler, died at the home of his sister, Mrs. Ada F. Hay, 406 Tilden Street, at 11:30 a.m. today. He was 75 years old in january.

  Ralph had the famous "Cross String Band" pioneer dance orchestra for many years. He called many an old time square dance, and as recently as last winter, called the square dances at a home talent play at the Fairmont armory.

  Up until recently he had been in exceptionally good health for a man of his years, but in the past two or three weeks had suffered from asthma and heart trouble.

  His condition was considered serious the past week, and his death had been expected since Saturday.

  Mr. Cross was a son of William Cross, pioneer of Martin County, whose log house at Rose Lake was a familiar landmark until it burned a few years ago.

  Mrs. Cross died at Ventura, California about seven years ago. Mr. Cross returned to Fairmont three years ago and had since made his home with his sister here.

  Besides his sister he leaves a son, Harold Cross of Redwood City, California, and a daughter, Mrs. Charles Babcock (Verlie), of Cave City, Oregon.

  Mr. Cross was born near Columbus, Wisconsin, January 24, 1865. he came to Martin county when he was three years old, his parents settling on a farm near Rose lake. Funeral arrangements are awaiting ?


Uncle Bud talked about a hired hand of Ralph's that went to Ventura with  them. His name was McClain


From :  W.A.Bitt Hollow <>

Reply-To :  "W.A.Bitt Hollow" <>

Sent :  Sunday, September 1, 2002 4:23 PM

To :  "Robbi Hoy" <>

Subject :  Re: Fairmont Guest book entry


Just thought you might enjoy hearing my mother's reminiscings of her days around Rose Lake.  She just turned 91 last Thursday so she was not born when your family diary started but she did recognize the Cross family name. 


She said that Ralph Cross made cement blocks and built a house on the east side of the lake that is still there.  Perhaps that is the house you mentioned in a previous email.  Anyway, my mom's family lived on the West side of the lake, about 2 or three miles from the Cross's.  She believed that her parents, Jake and Anna Krumholz knew Ralph very well but she didn't know too much about him because it was too far for them to walk from their farm on any kind of a regular basis.  If they went to visit someone in Pleasant Prairie with their folks they would drive by the Cross place. The Krumholz farm did not butt up to the lake directly so they would walk through Fred Shomberg's farm to get to the shore on the west side and I guess occasionally they would walk around the lake to  pick goose berries and currants on the east side of the lake, in the woods north of the house that Ralph built.


 She said that Karl & Minnie Shomberg lived out there too.  Fred's wife was Mabel Engle and, as kids, my mom and her brothers and sisters would see Fred and Mabel drive their car to town, sometimes with Mabel in the front seat and sometimes with her sitting in the back seat.  They found out later that when Mabel was mad at Fred, she would ride in the back seat and if they were getting along, she would ride in the front.


Just some funny little tidbits that I thought you might enjoy.:-) 


Wilma Bittinger



The Blaine Journal


Thursday, April 10, 1890:

Twelve people arrived in Blaine from Fairmount, Minnesota, this week, including Geo. KEELER (*He was married to Frank Rogers sister-mentioned in Wms diaries)and family, Mr. CROSS and family, Will and Lex BIRD, Jas. LUTRELL and others.






Burial: Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota Lakeside Cem (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.)

Cause of Death: Coronary sclarosis

Census: 1895, Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota (Source: 1895 Martin County, Minnesota census, Ralph Cross-29 years-in state 25 years-in district 25 years-born Wisconsin-occup stone mason-time work a year 9 months-father foriegn-mother not foreignCora Cross-24 years-born MN-mother and father not foriegnRay Cross-8 years-born MNVerye Cross-6 years-born MNHarold Cross-4 years-born Washington.)



Cora's death certificate says that she was born in 1869, but she is not listed as being born in the 1870 census. I believe that this date is an error. The 1880 census says that she was born in 1871.


She died three days after surgery for cancer.


1910 census in Fairmont

Ralph  age 40

Cora age 39

Roland age 21

Harold age 18

Verlie age 20

and Hazel Rawley Neice age 17



Burial: Ivy Lawn Cemetery, Ventura, California

Cause of Death: Cancer-surgical shock


Marriage Notes for RALPH CROSS and CORA NICHOLS:

From reading William's diaries, Ralph went to a party at Billy Hay's house on the 28th of January 1886, on the 30th William says Cora Nichols was there with Ralph. Is that when they met?



Marriage: 1886, Fairmont, Minnesota? (Source: Gordon's ancestors.FTW, Date of Import: May 10, 2000.)


Children of RALPH CROSS and CORA NICHOLS are:

26.              i.       ROLLIN VERMER5 CROSS, b. June 21, 1886, Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota; d. April 04, 1920, Fairmont, Martin, Minnesota.

                  ii.       VERLIE DAWN CROSS, b. June 1888 (Source: 1900 Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota Census.); m. CHARLES ADELBERT BABCOCK, Aft. 1918; b. May 29, 1879, Albert Lea, Freeborn County Minnesota; d. January 08, 1967, Wadena, Minnesota.



 family history says she never had children but raised Claudia Cross, daughter of her brother Rollin. I have found sources that say she did indeed have kids-but on the youngest children's death says Johanna is their mother


From Cleo Cross Peregrina

She was a great piano player as was her husband. She taught piano and taught Cleo and many of the other Cross children



Uncle Bud said he was the postmaster of Riceland, Martin County, Minnesota



Marriage: Aft. 1918


27.            iii.       HAROLD JAMES BLAINE CROSS, b. September 06, 1891, Blaine, Washington; d. December 20, 1960, Lakeport, California.



13.  ANNA F.4 CROSS (WILLIAM3, JOHN2, JAMES1) was born January 14, 1868 in Rose Lake, Martin County, Minnesota, and died Aft. May 1949.  She married WILLIAM MONTGOMERY HAY (Source: Donald Cross.) Abt. 1888 in Martin County, Minnesota.  He was born September 1860 in England (Source: 1900 Minnesota Census, Hay William-  Book keeper-Sept 1860- age 39-married 12 years  "    Annie  - Feb. 1868-age 32- 1 child of 2 still living  "   Vincent H.P.- June 1889-age 11.), and died December 09, 1926 in Martin County, Minnesota.


Notes for ANNA F. CROSS:

The 1900census says she was born Feb 1868

1920 census her age 51 and William's age 59


An interesting note, Cleo Cross Peregrina remembers Annie and sister Ada coming to Las Angles, California around 1929, she did not have her husband with her (cleo did not know that she was married) and both she and her sisiter were called the old maids.


Wayne Hay believes that his grandmother died in Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota around 1962 at about age 93. She is buried at Lakeside cemetery in Fairmont.

  He said she was an avid gardener.

Wayne Hay remembers that around 1933 his grandmother, Annie Hay, and his great aunt, Ada Cross, went to Ventura and stayed about a month.


More About ANNA F. CROSS:

Residence: South Park Street (Source: Wayne Hay.)



Owned 2 movie theaters in Fairmont, Minnesota


Death CertID# 1926-MN-008074   


Uncle Bud said "He was a real bonafide Englishman, he even wore spats


From the Fairmont paper Martin County Sentinel

Theater Man, loved Citizen, Dies Suddenly

Found Lying In Back Yard By Ada Cross, Sister-in-law, When He Fails To Return To House

Billy Hay is dead. 

The end came without warning at 2 p.m., Dec. 9 as the result of over-exertion in shoveling snow back of his Park street home.  Heart failure was the cause.

Mr. Hay was ever active and alert, constantly busy.  It was typical that the Grim Reaper should find him at work.

This morning he was occupied about the Strand theater office as usual.  Shortly before noon he bought a snow shovel, saying that he had some snow to remove during the noon hour.  He had made no complaint  about not feeling well, and his death came as an overwhelming shock to the community.

A more popular and beloved citizen would be hard to find in any community.  Mr. Hay was too busy to engage in quarrels or jealousies.  He was fearless but kind and outspoken, and to learn  where "Billy" stood on any question, it was but necessary to ask him.  He had friends by the hundred.  Everybody loved him.

Resident 66 Years

Mr. Hay was born in England 63 years ago, and when about 18 years old, came to America, where he settled, with other English colonists, in the Rose Lake neighborhood.  Later he moved to Fairmont, where he was employed by H. W. Sinclair in the abstracting business, in which line he was recognized as an expert who had no superior in this territory.  Insurance companies accepted his judgment in preference to most other abstractors.

For a time he was employed as a bookkeeper for the Ward Implement company, and later served as register of deeds of Martin county for two 2-year terms.

Following completion of his term in public office, Mr. Hay engaged in the abstracting, loan and insurance business on his own account until his theatrical business took most of his time, when he gave it up and devoted practically all of his efforts, with his partner, W. L. Nichols, in operating the Strand and Haynic theaters.

Partnership Formed in 1912

Mr. Hay entered partnership with Mr. Nichols in 1912, opening the Haynic theater, which had been operating as the "Fairmont Opera House".  Billy and Nic leased the theater for pictures, and in the fall of 1915 purchased the Strand theater.  About six years ago Messrs Hay and Nichols bought all of the shares of the capital stock of the Fairmont Opera House Company.

The following will indicate the scope of activities of Mr. Hay during the 48 years he resided in Martin county:

Farmed in Fairmont township.

Bookkeeper Ward Implement Co.

Abstractor, H. W. Sinclair Co.

Register of Deeds, two terms.

Treasurer, Fairmont Railway Motors Inc. since incorporation.

Fairmont City Park  board 16 years.

Haynic theater, partnership, 14 years.

Strand theater, partnership, 11 years.

Member Fairmont Heating Commission, six years.

Secretary Fairmont Cemetery Association, 25 years.

Illness of Long Standing

Mr. Hay had suffered from heart trouble for some years. Last spring with Mrs. Hay he went to England in hope that a rest would benefit him. He had one or two seizures while abroad, but rallied and came home feeling better than for some time.

After arrival here his health seemed much improved and he kept up his work as usual.

This afternoon after clearing his walks he returned to the house and got a dish of corn to feed his chickens. When he failed to come in in about ten minutes his sister-in-law, Miss Ada Cross, went to look for him. She found him lying on his face near the chicken house. Apparently he had died instantly.

Drs. Jones were called by telephone and rushed to the Hay home, but it was to late.

Mr. Hay's death caused wide spread mourning throughout Fairmont. The news spread in a few minutes and expressions of regret were genuine and spontaneous. Few citizens of Fairmont were as beloved and respected than Mr. Hay, whose long career here is without blemish. Truly, he was everybody's friend.

  Survived by Wife and Son

Mr. Hay is survived by his wife, formerly Anna Cross, a Martin county girl whom he married about 40 years ago, and a son, Vincent, of Minneapolis.

Funeral arrangements had not been made today. It is expected services will be conducted from the Episcopal church, which he helped to support during the 48 years he had been a resident of the county. Mr. Hay was a member of the Woodman, Workman and Knights of Pythias lodges.

W.L. Nicholas, Mr. Hay's partner, announced that the Strand theater would be closed tonight and tomorrow night out of respect to Mr. Hay.

With the death of Mr. Hay, Lou Frase is left as the sole surviving member of the Public Heating Commission, J. H. Coult having died early this fall.

Funeral services for William M. Hay who died suddenly Thursday afternoon, will take place in the Episcopal church at 2:30 p.m. Sunday with Dean A. E. Fillmore officiating.

There will be a short private service at the house at 2 p.m. Friends who wish to call may do so between 10 and 11 a.m. Sunday.

Vincent hay, a son arrived from Minneapolis last night.

W.L. Nicholas, Mr. Hay's partner announced today that the Strand theater will be closed until Sunday night, as a mark of respect to the late co-owner.

Death Saddens Fairmont

Everyone was mourning "Billy" last night and today. Seldom are heard so many expressions of sorrow as came when word got about town that he had gone. It was the only topic.

Few had such a hold on friends. "He was a good fellow and a square shooter,' they all said. What better record could a man wish to leave?

Many spoke of his public spirit and his long service to his city and county. Never was any civic project started but that Mr. Hay and his partner were in the forefront, not only with willing hands but open pocketbooks. They built and improved their large property holdings constantly, headed subscription papers and labored for "the good of the town."

Served his City Well

As secretary of the Public Heating Commission since its inception; Mr. Hay gave to this important work whole hearted attention. It was his pet project. Upwards of $60, 000 in bank waiting for bonds to mature testifies to the soundness of his policies and faithfulness.

He had been secretary of the Fairmont Cemetery association 25 years. He was secretary of the old Automobile Club and served 16 years on the city park board. Most any public job that needed looking after went to Billy.

Mr. Hay's home life was charming. He was a delightful host. Never was he so pleased as when a group of friends surrounded his table at one of Mrs. Hay's famous dinners. The larger the number of guests the more Billy welcomed them. He was the gayest of them all. Courteous, smiling, generous, enjoying a joke and cracking one in turn. No one liked to go home from Billy's house.

Entertained Theater Folk

Mr. Hay will be mourned by the theatrical people who came to play at his theater. His home was always open to them. During the visit but two or three weeks ago of the Beach company he entertained royally for them-and other friends with a Thanksgiving spread, as he did every year.

Two night later he had them all come again, to clean up the turkey, as he said. Mr. Hay was apparently in the best of health and spirits. He declared he would smoke a cigar to top off the evening. He had given up smoking last spring on advice of physicians.

He insisted on working incessantly in spite of the warnings of the boys at the theater and his partner, Mr. Nicholas. A few days ago he was observed carrying heavy chairs about and they spoke to him.

Wouldn't Sit Around

"Do you think I am going to sit around like a dummy?" asked Billy. "If I can't do this much I am not good for much."

Mr. Hay's tender care for his kin endeared him to many. None will mourn him more sincerely than Grandma Cross, 91 years, who has made her home with Mr. and Mrs. Hay and loved Billy like a son. Two sisters in England were assisted by the Fairmont man for many years.

Billy was one of the rapidly diminishing list of early English settlers. Lenny Burton and Harry Searle, also British pioneers, will miss him. The three were cronies.

In fact, all Fairmont will miss Billy.

Card of Thanks

We want to thank the host of friends for their kindness, words of sympathy, helpfulness and the beautiful flowers during our bereavement. Especially do we thank members of the M.W.A. the Knights of Pythias, the Workmen, officers and employees of Fairmont Railway Motors, Inc., and Rev. A.E. Fillmore.  MRS. W. M. HAY; MRS. WM CROSS, MISS ADA CROSS, VINCENT HAY AND FAMILY. 


Hay, William         Census Record

      Age: 59      Year: 1920

      Birthplace: England       Roll: T625_844

      Race: White                 Page:  7B

      State: Minnesota                         ED:  124

      County: Martin                   Image: 862

      Township: Fairmont                 





Marriage: Abt. 1888, Martin County, Minnesota


Children of ANNA CROSS and WILLIAM HAY are:

28.              i.       VINCENT HENRY5 HAY, b. June 1889; d. May 09, 1949, Fairmont, Martin County, Minnesota.

                  ii.       SON HAY, b. Bef. 1889 (Source: Wayne Hay.).


Notes for SON HAY:

Vincent had an older brother who died at age 2



14.  ANN F.4 CROSS (JAMES3, JOHN2, JAMES1) was born September 29, 1840 in Scotland (Source: Headstone.), and died April 05, 1884 in Sac County, Iowa (Source: Monica Smith.).  She married WILLIAM HENRY HIGGINS Abt. 1866 in Wisconsin, son of W.W. HIGGINS and PHEBE.  He was born September 08, 1843 in Vermont, and died March 14, 1885.


Notes for ANN F. CROSS:

Is she named after her grandmother?


She and her husband had 6 children and all died in Sac Co. Iowa before 1889-as per Monica Smith


Her father died inestate in 1884 and the probate records indicate that Anna, her husband William henry Higgins, and their children were all deceased at that time. William's father (William W. Higgins) was living in Grant City, Sac County, Iowa as per the probate records. The cemetery records indicate that many of the children died during the whooping cough and diptheria epidemic



1870 U.S. Federal Census > Iowa > Sac > Sac -Sac Township

Higgins, William H-26-m-w-farm laborer-born vermont

", Anna F.-29-f-w-keeping house-born Scotland

", Phebe J.M. -3-f-w-at home-born Wisconsin

", Edith-1/12-f-w-Iowa-born May


1880 U.S. Federal Census > Iowa > Sac > Other Townships > District 189 (grant City)

Higgins, William H.-w-m-36-brick mason-born Vermont-FB Vermont-MB New York

", Anna-w-f-39-wife-housekeeper-born Scotland-parents born Scotland

", Minnie-w-f-13-daughter-single-at school-born Wisconsin-FB Vermont-MB Scotland



Marriage: Abt. 1866, Wisconsin


Children of ANN CROSS and WILLIAM HIGGINS are:

                   i.       MAMIE5 HIGGINS, d. November 17, 1874.

                  ii.       PHEBE J.M. HIGGINS (Source: 1870 census.), b. July 18, 1866, Wisconsin (Source: 1880 census.); d. December 16, 1884, Grant City, Sac County, Wisconsin.



Burial: Grant City Cemetery, Grant City, Sac County, Wisconsin


                 iii.       NELLI G. HIGGINS, b. November 08, 1869; d. November 19, 1871.

                 iv.       EDITH HIGGINS (Source: 1870 census.), b. May 1870 (Source: 1870 census.).

                  v.       ROLLO HIGGINS, b. November 04, 1874; d. December 31, 1874.

                 vi.       HOWARD HIGGINS, b. March 10, 1878; d. September 25, 1879.



15.  JUDGE WILLIAM NICHOLAS4 CROSS (JAMES3, JOHN2, JAMES1) (Source: Monica Smith.) was born April 07, 1844 in Hammond, St. Lawrence Coutny, New York, and died August 14, 1937 in Cheboygan, Michigan (Source: Monica Smith.).  He married (1) MINNIE WATROUS (Source: Monica Smith.) March 04, 1876 in Bay City, Michigan (Source: Monica Smith.).  She was born Abt. 1855 in Mississippi, and died Bef. 1900 in Michigan.  He married (2) MARY ELIZABETH NIQUETTE (Source: Monica Smith.) September 18, 1901 in Cheboygan, Michigan.  She was born Abt. 1852 in Wisconsin, and died Aft. 1930.



From the History of St. Lawrence County, New York published by L. H. Everts & Company in 1878

106th Infantry, Company B (Captain A. N. McDonald)

Cross, William N.; private; enrolled Aug 5, 1862 at Morristown


Settled in Cheboygan County, Michigan


1860 Morristown, St. Lawrence County, New York

William is living with John Pringle and family as a laborer-he is 15 years old



1870 census


1880 U.S. Federal Census > Michigan > Cheboygan > Burt > District 33

Cross, William N-w-m-33-married-laborer-born New York-FB Scotland-MB Scotland

", Minnie-w-f-23-wife-keeps house-born Mississippi-FB Penn-MB Conn

", Florence-w-f-3-daughter-born Michigan-FB-NY-MB Miss


1900 census

Lived in:  4 Ward Cheboygan, Cheboygan County, Michigan

Series: T623     Microfilm:  706     Book:  2     Page:  202    

living on Court Street

Cross, William N.-head-w-m-April 1843-57-wd-born New York-parents born Scotland-Lawyer

", Roy D.-son-w-m-Sept 1894-5-single-born Michigan-Fb New York-MB Michigan

", Minnie-daughter-w-f-Feb 1887-13-single-born Minchigan-FB New York-MB Michigan


1910 census State:  Michigan    

County:  CHEBOYGAN    

Locale:  4-WD CHEBOYGAN    

Series:  T624    

Roll:  641    

Part:  1    

Page:  250A    

Cross, William-head-m-w-67-married twice-this time for 9 years-born New York-FB Scotland-MB ireland-attny, lawyer

", Mary E.-wife-f-w-59-married twice-this time for 9 years-born Wisconsin-parents born Canada

", Minnie B.-daughter-f-w-23-single-born Michigan-stenographer in law office